Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (1), pp. 015-021, January 2014.
Manuscript Number: 012914078
The Nutritive Evaluation and Utilisation of Moringa oleifera Lam in Indigenous and Broiler Chicken Production: A Review
C. T. Gadzirayi1* and J. F. Mupangwa2
1Bindura University of Science Education, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Science,
P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe.
2University of Fort Hare, Department of Livestock & Pasture Science, P. Bag X 1314 Alice Campus,
Alice 5700, South Africa.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: gadzirayichris @ yahoo. co. uk
There has been a decline in chicken production in most developing countries, yet poultry constitute an important pillar in HIV/AIDS alleviation and act as an income source plus food security in rural communities. The limited availability and high cost of stock feeds that have not increased concomitantly with producer prices are partly responsible for the decline. These limitations are especially important in rural communities because they are resource poor. Farmers therefore enlisted a priority research on alternative feed sources for poultry production since home-grown feeds available to the farmer can sometimes be limited. Maize and sorghum are usually the most abundant sources of grain available, which can supply adequate carbohydrate but not protein. Protein sources are expensive and hence unaffordable to the smallholder farmer. Small holder farmers have been using leaf meals as protein sources in order to alleviate feed limitations in poultry production. One such leaf meal is Moringa oleifera Lam (syns. Moringa pterygosperm, family Moringaceae). The uses of Moringa oleifera have attracted attention of researchers. Preliminary investigation showed that the plant has high biomass production. Its leaves are used as vegetables by humans in central Africa and have a good profile of amino acids that makes it a valuable source of livestock feed.
Keywords: Moringa oleifera, nutritive value, utilization, indigenous chicks, broilers.
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