Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Vol. 8(10), pp. 277-285, 2018
Copyright ©2018, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)
Infectious Bursal Disease: An Important Challenge in Transforming the Ethiopian Poultry Sector
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Animal Health Research Program
Article No.: 100118042
Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) is an acute, highly contagious, immunosuppressive viral disease of young chickens; IBDV predominantly targets B-cells residing in the Bursa of Fabricius (BF) and results in bursal edema, atrophy, and abrogation of antibody responses. Significantly, IBD-induced immunosuppression increases the occurrences of other diseases caused by opportunistic pathogens and, thus, prevents young chickens from responding optimally to vaccines. Owing to its widespread nature, high morbidity and mortality rates, IBD has been given a considerable economic importance both at the international and national levels and is of growing scientific interest. Most of the economic losses associated with IBD are due to its immunosuppressive effects that eventually lead to poor vaccination response, secondary bacterial, viral and protozoan infections and poor performance. As a result, the subclinical and immunosuppressive form of IBD probably is the commonest form that occurs among these birds. There are different reports and complains of disease outbreak from different parts of Ethiopia and many small scale poultry farms are closed due to Gumboro outbreak. Therefore, control of Gumboro disease requires a balanced approach including strict biosecurity measures and rational vaccination schedules to reduce the incidence and impact of IBD in Ethiopian poultry industry.
E-mail: terefe.samson@ yahoo.com
Challenge, Ethiopia, IBD, Poultry sector, Transformation
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Cite this Article: Terefe, S. (2018). Infectious Bursal Disease: An Important Challenge in Transforming the Ethiopian Poultry Sector. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8(10), 277-285, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.10.100118042
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