Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness

  
  

Change Language

Awuku and Egyir

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 8(11), pp. 325-331, 2018

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2018, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.11.111118156

http://gjournals.org/GJAS


 

 

Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper as Influence by Different Growth Media

 

 

1Awuku, Bernard; 

2

Egyir, Michael

 

 

1University of Education Winneba, Ashanti-Manpong, College of Agriculture Education.

Phone: +233246429842 email: awukubernard4@ gmail. com

2University of Ghana, Department of Soil Science. Phone: +233502408871,

email: miki.egyir@ gmail. com

 

 

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 111118156

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2018.11.111118156

 

Loss of organic matter and related loss of soil microbial diversity and activity, as a result of intensive agriculture has contributed to an increase in soil borne plant diseases. Sweet pepper is highly susceptible to many soil borne diseases such as damping-off, root rots and wilts. In view of this, the study was conducted to assess the influence of different growth media on sweet pepper in terms of growth, yield and incidence of diseases. Materials used include: Seeds of two varieties of sweet pepper (Yolo wonder and California Wonder), rice husk, coconut hull, sawdust, groundnut hull, sugarcane bagasse, top soil and well cured cow dung. The Soilless media were prepared by mixing it with cow dung in a ratio of 20:1, whilst the cow dung was applied to the top soil at a rate of 100 kg N/ha. The experiment was a two by six (2˟6) factorial experiment with twelve (12) treatments replicated three (3) times resulting in a total of thirty six (36) treatments laid out in Complete Randomised Design (CRD). Parameters measured include; plant height, number of leaves per plants, number of fruits per plant, fruit length, fruit diameter and incidence of root rot and wilt diseases. The results on plant heights at various weeks after transplanting showed that, all the soilless media generally, produced plants with significantly higher height at (p ˂ 0.05) than the top soil. The results also showed that, the soilless media had superior number of leaves and fruits produced per plant, fruit length and diameter to that of the top soil. There were no incidence of root rot and wilt diseases in the soilless media but the top soil had two incidence of wilt disease. The results reveals that, cultivation of sweet pepper in soilless medium can give you better growth and yield and can also reduce the occurrence of soil borne diseases like root rot and wilt in sweet pepper. Therefore, cultivation of sweet pepper in soilless medium should be encourage to reduce the occurrence of soil borne diseases in other to enhance growth and yield in sweet pepper.

 

Submitted: 11/11/2018

Accepted:  22/11/2018

Published:

03/12/2018

 

*Corresponding Author

EGYIR, Michael

E-mail: miki.egyir@ gmail. com

Phone: +233502408871

 

Keywords:

Growth media, greenhouse, pyrolysed, soil less media, biochar

 

 

Return to Content       View [Full Article - PDF]  

[Full Article - HTML]             [Full Article - EPUB]

Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Peer-review]



REFERENCES

 

Abdel-Monaim M. F., Abdel-Gaid M. A. & Zayan S. A. (2014). International Journal of Agricultural Sciences ISSN: 2167-0447 Volume 4 (4), pp. 143-150.

 

Anonymous, 2000. Production guidelines for sweet pepper. http://www.hygrotech.com (Accessed 21/10/2004).

 

Anonymous, (1989). Tomato and Pepper Production in the Tropics. Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Taiwan 1989.

 

Bosland P. W. and Votava E. J. (1999). Peppers: vegetable and spice capsicums. Crop Production Science in Horticulture 12. Wallingford, Oxon: CABI Publishing. Pp. 1-16.

 

Campbell A. (2006). Compost use for pest and disease suppression in NSW. 1st edition edn, (Recycled Organics Unit, The University of New South Wales, 2006).

 

Díaz-Pérez, J.C., Muy-Rangel, M.D. & Mascorro, A.G., 2007. Fruit size and Stage of Ripeness Affect Postharvest Water Loss in Bell Pepper Fruit. J. Sci. Food Agric. 87(1), 68-73.

 

Hadfield, J., 1993. The A-Z of Vegetable Gardening in South Africa. Struikhof Publishers, Cape Town.

 

Hatutale G. (2010). The effect of Plant Population and Mulching on Green pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) production under irrigation. A dissertation submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Agriculture, In the Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences Department of Soil, Crop and Climate Sciences University of the Free State Bloemfontein, South Africa.

 

Howard L. R., Smith R.T., Wagner A. B and Villalon, B, Burns E. E. (1994). Provitamin A and ascorbic acid content of fresh pepper cultivars (Capsicum annum) and processed jalapenos. Journal of Food Science, 59: 362–365.

 

Katan J., Waisel Y., Eshel A. & Kafkafi U.  (2002). In Plant Roots: the hidden half. 949–959 (2002).

 

Kelley W. T. & Boyhan G. (2009). Commercial Pepper Production Handbook. The University of Georgia, Cooperative Extension Available at:http://pubs.caes.uga.edu/caespubs/pubs/PDF/B1309.pdf

 

Manrique, L. M. 1993. Greenhouse crops: A review. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 16, 2411-2477.

 

Mateljan G. The World’s Healthiest foods. The George Mateljan founda­tion. USA; 2018.

 

Mercy E. R., David U. (2018). Potential Health Benefits of Conventional Nutrients and Phytochemicals of Capsicum peppers. Pharm Pharmacol Int J. 2018; 6(1): 62 ‒ 69. DOI: 10.15406/ppij.2018.06.00157.  Pharmacy & Pharmacology International Journal.

 

Olivier, O. J., Boelema, B. H., Daiber, C. C. & Ginsberg, L., (1981). The Cultivation of Green Peppers. No. A2, Farming in South Africa, Horticultural Research Institute, Roodeplaat, Pretoria.



Cite this Article: Awuku, B; Egyir, M (2018). Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper as Influence by Different Growth Media. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8(11), 325-331, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.11.111118156.

 


Call for Articles/Books/Thesis

Call for Scholarly Articles


Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.


The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.


Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to gjas@acad.gjournals.org or manuscripts.igj@gmail.com.


Call for Books


You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas.    Submit as an e-mail attachment to books@acad.gjournals.org.




Search

Login Form

Other Journals


Newsletters


Sponsored