Authors instructions


Submission of Manuscripts

Manuscripts should be submitted by filling and submitting the online submission form. Authors are not required to sign up or sign in before using the online submission form. Alternatively, manuscripts can then be submitted as an e-mail attachment to manuscripts@gjournals.org, or manuscripts.igj@gmail.com, however, ensure that the Details and Consent Form is downloaded, filled and submitted along with the manuscript.  Submitted manuscripts should conform to the requirements of Greener Scholarly Publications. Therefore, authors should endeavor to read our Editorial Policy, and Ethics policy before submitting a manuscript to our editorial office. Also make sure the following guidelines are met:  

1.   Ensure that the work has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review or thesis),
2.   ensure that the manuscript is not currently being processed elsewhere,
3.   ensure that duplicate submission is not made within Greener Scholarly Publications,
4.   ensure there is no breach of any copyright by submitting it for publication,
5.  ensure that the submission and publication has been agreed on by all co-authors and responsible authorities,
6.   ensure there is no default in ethical standard,
7.   ensure the manuscript follows the prescription in our Instructions for Authors,
8.   footnotes are not allowed.

In addition, the accurate contact information of all authors (Surname, other names in full, affiliation, email for each author, and a phone number) should be available on the manuscript. The surname of each author should be in capital letters or seperated from the other names with a comma.

Conflicts of interest should also be disclosed in the manuscript. If there is no conflict of interest, simply declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Acceptable file formats: Microsoft word (DOC, DOCX) or Rich text format (RTF).

Language of submission: We accept papers in English and other languages.

Suggested Reviewers: The authors may also suggest two to four reviewers for the manuscript (GSP may assign other reviewers).

Article Types 

Four types of manuscripts can be submitted: Original research articles, review articles, short communication articles and technical reports.     

Research articles: Research articles should present innovative research that clearly addresses selected hypothesis or question. Papers should provide new techniques and insights in addressing the stated problems. It should not exceed 25 pages. However, articles must not be unnecessarily long. Research articles are peer-reviewed. A Research article should be divided into the following sections (follow this arrangement): 
Title page 
Title in English 
Additional title in another language (optional) 
Abstract  
Additional Non-English abstract (optional) 
Keywords 
List of abbreviations (if any) 
Introduction 
Materials and Methods 
Result and Discussion 
Conclusions 
Competing interests 
Authors' contributions 
Authors' Biography (Optional) 
Acknowledgements 
Endnotes 
References 
Tables and figures 
Additional files     

Review articles: Review articles summarize current insights in a study area. It writes about other studies and does not report a novel study of its own. Reviews should present orderly and extensive coverage of established studies, assessments of advancements in specific areas or in technologies. Not more than to 25 pages, however articles must not be unnecessarily long.  Reviews articles are peer-reviewed. A Review article should be divided into the following sections (follow this arrangement): 
Title page 
Title in English 
Additional title in another language (optional) 
Abstract  Additional 
Non-English abstract (optional) 
Keywords List of abbreviations used (if any) 
Introduction 
Review 
Conclusions 
Competing interests 
Authors' contributions 
Authors' Biography (Optional) 
Acknowledgements 
Endnotes 
References 
Tables and figures 
Additional files    

Short Communications: Short communication is a brief and independent report usually highlighting a significant contribution to a study area. It is appropriate for recording the outcome of completed small investigations or presenting information of novel premises, methods or apparatus. They are not supposed to give preliminary results. Short communications are peer reviewed. A short communication article should be divided into the following sections (follow this arrangement): 
Title page 
Title in English 
Additional title in another language (optional) 
Abstract in English (not more than 150 word) 
Additional Non-English abstract (optional) 
Keywords 
List of abbreviations used (if any) 
Introduction 
Materials and Methods 
Result and Discussion 
Conclusions 
Competing interests 
Authors' contributions 
Authors' Biography (Optional) 
Acknowledgements 
Endnotes 
References 
Tables and figures 
Additional files.     

 Technical Report: A technical report properly and entirely explains a technical work, why it was done, what results were attained and the implications of those results. Read more on Technical Report: Source 1Source 2.  Technical report articles should follow the format below: 
Title page, 
Title in English, 
Additional title in another language (optional), 
Abstract, 
Additional Non-English abstract (optional), 
Keywords
List of abbreviations used (if any),
Introduction
Background,
Theory Design / Theoretical Analysis Procedure
Results and Discussion
Conclusion
Competing interests
Authors' contributions
Authors' Biography (Optional)
Acknowledgements
Endnotes
References
Tables and figures
Additional files.    

Title page The title page should provide the title of the article, list the full names, institutional addresses and email addresses for all authors, indicate the corresponding author, indicate the type of manuscript,  Number of words and the subject area of the study. Abbreviations within the title should be avoided. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.
The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper.   

Abstract:   The abstract should be brief, informative and completely easy to understand. It should be 100 to 300 words in length and should be structured into separate sections:  Background; Methods; ResultsConclusions. Abbreviations should be avoided and no citation should be included. The abstract of a short communication should not exceed 150 words.   

Non-English abstract: An additional non-English language abstract can be added. The non-English abstract should be positioned beneath and after the English language abstract in the submitted manuscript file. It should not exceed 300 words. Please specify the added language of your abstract, for example you can title it in this manner  "Abstract in French".   

Keywords: 3 to 10 key words that will provide indexing references should be listed.   

Abbreviations: A list of non-standard 

Abbreviations should be added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelt out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used. Authors should use the solidus presentation (mg/ml). Standard abbreviations (such as ATP and DNA) need not be defined.    

Introduction:   The introduction should briefly contain the aim of the research, the researches leading up to the study, the definition of the problem, applicable hypothesis or question, the important literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be easy to understand even by researchers without professional familiarity in that discipline.                              

Materials and methods: It should describe the experimental design, the type of subjects or materials used and techniques. Clear details should be given in a way that the experiments can be replicated. For studies concerning human participants, a statement of approval and consent of participants should be included in the methods section. Generic drug names should be used and brand names should be included where necessary. Capitalize trade names and add the manufacturer's name and address.    

Review: This section is only valid for a review article. It should comprise the body of the article and can be broken into subsections.    

Results: This section should correctly describe the outcomes of the data analysis.    

Discussion: Should explain the findings suggested by the obtained results and indicate their importance to existing and future research. The Results and Discussion sections can be combined and can include subheadings where appropriate.                                                                                                               
Conclusions: The conclusion section should briefly state the main conclusions of the work and indicate their significance and relevance.  This section can be merged with the discussion section. However, in such a situation, the discussion should stand separated from the result section.    

Acknowledgments: Persons and colleagues that contributed to the work, but, do not meet the criteria for authorship should be acknowledged. All financial supporters must be acknowledged. Consent and approval should be received from concerned persons or organizations before acknowledging them in the article.                                     
Tables and Figures: The author should paste all tables and figures in the manuscript file at the end of the manuscript before submission. Greener Scholarly Publications will place the tables and figures in the manuscript appropriately. All tables and figures must be clearly cited within the manuscript.    

Tables should be designed to be as simple as possible. Each table should be numbered uniformly with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are cited in the text. They should be given brief explanatory title placed at the top of the table. Footnotes are permitted and can be added below the table. Tables should not duplicate data contained in the text.  Each Column and row of a table clearly separated by making sure that the cell borders are indicated by black lines.  Tables should not be supplied as figures. Color and shading are not required.             

The figures (photographs, graph, drawings) must be numbered with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are cited in the text. Figures should be prepared using high resolution in the formats - GIF, TIFF, JPEG, before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. The figure must include a short explanatory legend below it. Footnotes can also be added below the figure. Colored figures are allowed without charge. Figures containing more than one image should be labeled as a, b, c, etc. (lower case) and a subtitle must be provided for each image (usually below the figure).    

Video: We accept digitized videos using mpg format.    

Nucleotide and Aminoacid Sequences: The accession numbers assigned in DDBJ, EMBL, GenBank, etc., should be provided in bracket when citing any nucleic acid sequences, protein sequences or atomic coordinates in the manuscript. Also include the corresponding database name to the accession number (Example: GenBank:U27860). A manuscript can be submitted even in the process of entering the sequence data in the respective databases. However, the accession numbers should be ready for inclusion in the manuscript before publication. Addresses for some databases:  GenBankDDBJEMBLPIRPDB.    

Endnotes: Footnotes are not allowed. Endnotes are permitted but, should be not be used if avoidable. Authors should try to make all their citations in the text using the format below .    

References 

Citation in the text: A reference should be cited in the text using the author’s last name (surname) followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. When there are two authors, the last names of the authors should be used followed by the date (year) in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the last name of the first author should be used, followed by ’et al‘. If a cited author has more than one work published the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter (example: ‘a’ and ‘b’) after the date to differentiate the works. Examples: Atenaga (1998a,b), Mitruka and Rawnsley (1977), Bernham et al. (2001), (Stelwagen, 2001), (Kral and Suchy, 2000), (Alexander, 1998 a,b; Babalola, 1987,1989; Ogbeifun, 1995), (Danso et al., 1989). 

The Reference list should be at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Unpublished works cannot be included in the references, but, can be mentioned in the article text (e.g., K. Adesola, University of Lagos, Nigeria, observation). Journal names should be abbreviated according to Chemical Abstracts. Authors should ensure the accuracy of the references. Examples: Stelwagen K (2001). Effect of milking frequency on mammary functioning and shape of the lactation curve. J Dairy Sci 84: E204-E211 Kral I and Suchy P (2000). Haematological studies in adolescent breeding cocks. Acta Veterinaria Brno., 69: 189–194  Mitruka BM and Rawnsley HM (1977). Clinical biochemical and hematological reference values in normal experimental animals. Masson Publ. Co. New York, 102-117. Bernham FA, Zaake BT and Kachroo RK (2001). A study of variability of annual river flow of the Southern African Region.  Hydrol. Sci. J. 46 (4):513-524.    

Proofs and Reprints: A proof copy is a final version of a manuscript that is sent to the corresponding author for final approval before publication. Greener Scholarly Publications has restrictions on author alterations in proof. Corrections are only permitted for realistic errors, copyediting errors, improvement in quality of figures. All necessary fees must be paid before a manuscript will be published. A link to the full version of the published article will be sent to the corresponding author to download the PDF file.  Authors can also access the full text (in PDF) of the article online. Greener Scholarly Publications does not provide authors with free reprints, reprints will be available after purchase.   

Copyright:   Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Greener Scholarly Publications currently allows authors to retain copyright for any article published in a journal. The article may be reused according to the Creative Commons license. The author is only required to grant Greener Scholarly Publications publication right. . 

Fees and Charges Authors are required to pay a handling fee. More information on our fees and waiver policy can be found on our website.