Authors should pay attention to the ethical requirements described below. Greener Journals will stick strictly to these ethical standards; therefore, authors are required to adhere to them.
This has to do with research data manipulation with the aim of giving a false notion. This includes images manipulation (to make image elements vague, delete image elements or add new image elements), altering results to suit convenience, to change of data figure, adding or removing from data figures, and more. This practice is not acceptable.
In such a case, the editorial board will try to verify suspected data fabrication and demand the original data from the authors.
Plagiarism refers to a situation where someone duplicates/delivers part or the complete work (data, figures, text, or theories) of another person as if it were his/her own without proper acknowledgment and reference to the true owner. Further information has been provided by the Office of Research Integrity on plagiarism. Plagiarism is not acceptable.
According to the Office of Research Integrity, a person claiming authorship of a scholarly publication must have met the following criteria:
- Substantial participation in conception and design of the study, or in analysis and interpretation of data;
- Substantial participation in the drafting of the manuscript or in the substantive editing of the manuscript;
- Final approval of the version of the manuscript to be published;
- Ability to explain and defend the study in public or scholarly settings.
This is the submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time or publishing the same study in more than one journal. This practice is not acceptable..
“Authors who submit a manuscript for publication containing data, reviews, conclusions, etc., that have already been disseminated in some significant manner (e.g., published as an article in another journal, presented at a conference, posted on the internet) must clearly indicate to the editors and readers the nature of the previous dissemination” – Office of Research Integrity.
Authors can use only citations that are relevant to the study. It is unethical to cite irrelevant works of others or employ irrelevant self-citation.
“Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works” - Wikipedia. This practice is not acceptable.
Non-compliance with regulatory standards affecting research
This includes the violations of related local/international regulations and law governing the use of funds, animal subjects, human subjects, untested drugs, new devices, radioactive, biological and chemical materials. All of such are unacceptable.
Note: These policies may be reviewed and updated when necessary.