A Hierarchical Linear Modeling of the Effects of School characteristics on Students’ Academic Achievement in Busia County, Kenya


Greener Journal of  Educational Research, Vol. 8(2), pp. 35-46, March 2018

 ISSN: 2276-7789.  

Research Paper.

Manuscript Number: 030818036.

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.15580/GJER.2018.2.030818036


A Hierarchical Linear Modeling of the Effects of School characteristics on Students’ Academic Achievement in Busia County, Kenya


Manasi Echaune (PhD)


County Quality Assurance and Management Officer, Department of Education and Vocational Training- County Government of Busia, Kenya




Studies on school effectiveness have dominated educational research over the past decade, but still there is much that needs to be done.  In an attempt to contribute to knowledge on school effectiveness, this study examined the effects  of school characteristics namely; school size, location and school type ( day, boarding and coeducational) on students’ academic achievement in the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) examination in Busia County, Kenya.  A two level hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) technique was employed with student predictors at level 1 and school characteristics at level 2. A sample of 755 students who were drawn from 100 secondary schools participated in the study. Findings of the study demonstrated that school type, location and size of the school had no statistically significant effects on students’ academic achievement in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education examination. The findings of the study give implication that parents should not have the perception that school characteristics influence their children’s academic achievement.


Keywords: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, School characteristics, Academic achievement.

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