Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Koloche et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 6 (1), pp. 001-009, January 2016.

ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 010416001




Socio-Economic Characteristics and Constraints Associated With the Adoption of the Improved Shea Nut Processing Technologies in Niger State, Nigeria


      Koloche I.M.1*, Olaleye R.S.1, Adeniji O.B.2, Yahaya S.A.1

Umar S.I.M.2, Tsado J.H.2


1Nigerian Institute for Oil palm Research (NIFOR), Shea Tree Research Substation, Bida-Niger state, Nigeria.

       2Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.



The objectives of this paper were to assess the socio-economic characteristics and constraints associated with the adoption of the improved Shea nut processing technologies in Niger State, Nigeria. The result of socio-economic characteristics of the Shea nut processors shows that majority (60.00%) were between the age range of 41 – 50 years and the average of age Shea nut processors in the study area was 42.07. The result also revealed that all (100%) of the processors were female processors. The result revealed that all (100%) of the processors adopted the use of bare hand. The result indicated that all (100.00%) of the processors used room /stores floors for the storage of Shea butter. The result revealed that membership of cooperative (X9) marital status (X5) and extension contact (X8) were significant at 1% level of significance and had positive relationship with the level of adoption of improved Shea nut processing technologies. The result also revealed that age, processing experience and membership of association were related to adoption and statistically significant at 5% level of probability among the selected socio-economic characteristics. The result also show that age (X1) was negatively significant at 0.05% probability levels with adoption of improved Shea nut processing technologies. It is recommended that organized big term marketers in the Shea industry should form, organize more associations and trainings of pickers/collectors, processors and marketers’ of Shea nut at the grass roots for optimal utilization of its value chains and income generation.


Keywords: Shea nut, Socio economic, Technologies, Processing, Adoption.

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Elias, M. & Carney, J. (2007). Africa Shea butter; A feminized subsidy from nature, Africa 77(1) Pp.34-53.


Gbako, (1991). Focus on Gbako Local Government, Lemu, Niger State. Information pamphlet. Pp.1-5.


Lovett & Haq, (2000). Evidence for Anthropique Selection of the Shea nut Tree (Vitellaria Paradoxa). Agro-forestry Systems Journal, 48: 73 – 88. 


Publication of Projects and Programmes Documentation Unit, PPDU (2009). Office of the Governor No. 1, Shehu A. Musa Road by Aliyu B. Abdulmalik, 2009 First Published in 2009. Pp 2-17. 

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