Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness


Change Language


Abdul-Ganiyu et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 5 (5), pp. 159-166, September 2015.

ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 020315028



Effect of Different Water Application Schedules on the Growth and Yield of Loose leaf Lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. crispa) at Golinga Irrigation Scheme in the Tolon District of Northern Region, Ghana


*Abdul-Ganiyu, S., Alhassan A.L. and Adongo, T.A.


Department of Agricultural Mechanization and Irrigation Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University for Development Studies, Box TL 1882, Tamale, Ghana



To assess the effect of different water application schedules on the growth and yield of lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. crispa), a field experiment was carried out at Golinga Irrigation Site. Four treatments were laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design in four replications. The treatments were; TRT1 (adlib application by farmers), TRT2 (100% of the daily ETc applied only in the morning at each growth stage), TRT3 (100% of the daily ETc applied only in the evening at each growth stage) and TRT4 (100% ETc split: 50% of the daily ETc applied in the morning and the other 50% applied in the evening at each growth stage). The daily crop water requirement (ETc) of the crop was calculated for the four stages of growth using the CROPWAT software bearing in mind the area of each bed (16m2). The data was analyzed using the Genstat Software. The results revealed that plants grown in the TRT4 grew healthier and recorded the highest plant height (23.3cm), number of leaves (9), leaf spread (25.03cm), leaf area index (5.25), and fresh matter weight of leaf (43.0g), yield (28.3t/ha) and water productivity (7.2kg/m3). Plants grown in TRT3 recorded the least values for plant height (19.8cm), number of leaves (7), leaf spread (20.9cm), leaf area index (4.1), fresh matter weight of leaf (30.7g), yield (13.9t/ha) and water productivity (3.5kg/m3). It is recommended that interested lettuce farmers could adopt TRT4 water application schedule since it gave the highest values in all the parameters used for data collection.


Keywords: Differenwater application schedules, yield of lettuce, crop evapotranspiration (ETc), crop water productivity

Post-review Rundown

   View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]



Asano T, Burton H. Leverenz H, Tsuchihashi R and Techobanoglous G (2007). Water Reuse: Issues, Technologies, and Applications McGraw-Hill Professional , New York, 15-70pp. in: Waste water Irrigation and health. Assessing and mitigating Risk in low Income Countries.


Broner I (2005). Irrigation Scheduling. Crop Series on Irrigation. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension. Publication no. 4.704. p 1274-280.


Heinemann B (1994). Crop Productivity. Cambridge University Press, U.S pp 98.


Jones HG (2004). What is water use efficiency? In: Bacon, M.A. (Ed), Water Use Efficiency in Plant Biology. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 27-41.


Nagaz K, Mokh FEl,  Masmoudi MM, Mechlia, NB (2013). Soil salinity, yield and water productivity of lettuce under irrigation regimes with saline water in arid conditions of Tunisia. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. Vol., 4 (5), 892-900. Available online at http://


Oad, FC, Soomro A, Oad NL, Abro ZA, Issani MA, and Gandahi AW (2001). Yield and Water Use Efficiency of Sunflower Crop under Moisture Depletions and Bed Shapes in Saline Soil. Online Journal of Biological Sciences, 1 (5): 361 – 362.


Ogbodo EN, Okorie PO, Utobo EB (2010). Growth and Yield of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) at Abakaliki Agro-Ecological Zone of Southeastern Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 6 (2): 141-148


Rai N and Yadax, DS (2005). Advances in vegetable production. Published by Researhco Book center 25-B/2, New Delhi- 110005 India pp550-558


Roth S  and Field J (1994). Introduction to agricultural engineering. Longman, London, 75-78pp.


Ryder EJ (1986). Lettuce Breeding (part of vegetable breeding). AVI Publishing Co., Westport, Conn. pg 436-472.


Sammis T.W. (1980). Comparison of sprinkler, trickle, subsurface and furrow irrigation methods for row crops. Agron J. 72: 701-704.


Smith SW (1997). Landscape Irrigation Design and Management. Cambridge University Press, U.S 71pp.


SNC─LAVALIN International (2010). Feasibility study, final design and construction supervision of rehabilitation/extension work on irrigation schemes in MCA intervention zones. Environmental And Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) LOT-1 Golinga scheme. MiDA contract Number 1201101-01.SNC project Number 606385.


Valenzuela H, Kratky B and  Cho J (1996). Lettuce Production Guidelines for Hawaii. CTAHR, University of Hawaii. pp1-12.


World Bank, (2006). Directions in Development. Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management: Challenges and Options. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the World Bank.

Call for Articles/Books

Call for Scholarly Articles

Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.

The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.

Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to or

Call for Books

You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas.    Submit as an e-mail attachment to



Other Journals