Akinlade et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Vol. 10(2), pp. 63-70, 2020
Copyright ©2020, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)
Nutritive assessment of different forms of Piliostigma thonningii leaves in West Africa Dwarf Sheep diet
Akinlade J.A.1; Fabule S.A.1; Alalade J.A.2; Asaolu V.O.1; Aderinola O.A.1; Okunlola O.O.2
1Department of Animal Production and Health, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
PMB 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
2Department of Animal Health and Production, Oyo State College of Agriculture and
Technology, P.M.B. 10, Igbo Ora.Oyo State.
Small ruminants are relatively easier to manage and produce than other species of livestock. An experiment was carried out to investigate the performance and nutrient digestibility of West African dwarf growing sheep fed mixture of Panicum maximum and different forms of Piliostigma thonningii for 60 days feeding trial. A total of twenty (20) WAD sheep were randomly allocated to four treatments (T1= P. maximum (PM) 100%; T2= 70% P. maximum (PM) + 30% fresh Piliostigma thonningii; T3= 70% P. maximum (PM) + 30% wilted Piliostigma thonningii ; T4= 70% P. maximum (PM) + 30% dried Piliostigma thonningii ) with five animals per treatment. The experimental diet was fed at 3% body weight of individual animals. The results revealed that animals fed T2 recorded the least weight gain (75.13g/day) while the highest weight gain (77.21g/day) was recorded for T4. The daily weight gain of animals were significantly different across all treatments (P<0.05). The forms of PT leaves had effect on dry matter (DM) and nutrient compositions. DM and NDF were higher (P<0.05) in the dry PT leaves. Mean crude protein (CP) was similar in the fresh (10.79±1.80), wilted (10.74± 0.9) and dry forms (10.26±1.20). Higher value of (620.90± 2.10) neutral detergent fibre (NDF) was obtained for dry leaves and the least value (532.71±1.62) was obtained for the fresh leaves. Mineral contents was reduced in the dry form while the anti-nutrients except for the oxalate was significantly (P<0.05) reduced in the dry form of PT. Results suggest that feed intake, weight change and nutrient digestibility can be improved by feeding of PT leaves to sheep in the dry form, and that the drying reduced most of the secondary metabolites of PT leaves. Further studies is however recommended to determine whether further higher supplementation levels for all forms of PT leaves is necessary for optimum utilization as the dry season feed supplement for sheep.
E-mail: akinslautech@ yahoo.com
Keywords: Piliostigma thonningii; digestibility; anti-nutrients; supplementation
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Cite this Article: Akinlade JA; Fabule SA; Alalade JA; Asaolu VO; Aderinola OA; Okunlola OO (2020). Nutritive assessment of different forms of Piliostigma thonningii leaves in West Africa Dwarf Sheep diet. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 10(2): 63-70.
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