Greener Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health

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Greener Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health Vol. 2 (1), pp. 023-031, July 2014.

 ISSN: 2354-2381 © 2013 Authors

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 070514294


Long Acting Contraceptive Method Utilization and Associated Factors among Reproductive Age Women in Arba Minch Town, Ethiopia


Shegaw Getinet, Mohammed Amin Abdrahman, Nadew Kemaw, Tamrat Kansa, Zeru Getachew, Desta Hailu*, Yinager Workineh


Department of Nursing, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.


*Corresponding Author’s Email: destahailu19 @gmail .com


Background: Each year, approximately 287,000 women die from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth, with 99% of these deaths occurring in developing countries. Modern contraceptive, particularly long acting family planning methods are highly effective in reducing maternal mortality by preventing unintended or closely spaced pregnancies. This paper, therefore, aims to determine the level of utilization of long acting contraceptive methods and explore its determinants among child bearing age mothers in Arba Minch town, Gamogofa zone, Ethiopia. Method: Community based cross sectional study was conducted from May15-30 2014 among child bearing age women. Systematic random sampling technique was employed to select 358 study participants. A pre-tested and structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Bivariate and multivariable data analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 software to assess statistical association. Result: Long acting contraceptive method utilization was 13.1%. From the socio-economic factors, educational status of the mother, having functional radio or television at home, positive attitude and higher knowledge were found to be independent predictors of long acting contraceptive methods utilization. Conclusion: Utilization of long acting contraceptive method was very low despite multi-pronged activities have been undertaken throughout the country. Thus, community based health care workers should strengthen information, education and communication to ensure that women have higher knowledge and positive attitude towards long acting contraception methods.

Keywords: Long acting contraceptive methods, determinants, cross sectional, Ethiopia.


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