Greener Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health

Excellence and Timeliness

Change Language

Greener Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health Vol. 3 (1), pp. 007-013, March 2015.

 ISSN: 2354-2381 © 2015 Authors

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 012915023



Career choice for nursing students in Kuwait


Radia M. Bahman


Nursing tutor, Nursing Institute, Kuwait

Email: radianurse @yahoo. com. Tel: 0096599034139


Background: The process of entering nursing, as one of the pivotal healthcare discipline, certainly affects quality of care, and retention of nurses in the profession.


Aims: Exploring factors affecting the nursing students’ decision to enter nursing and their attitude towards future career.


Subjects and methods: Ninety currently registered students in Nursing Institute, Kuwait participated in a cross-sectional study conducted in 2013. Self-administered questionnaire was used.


Results: Kuwaiti females outnumbered males, while the percentage of non-Kuwaiti males with undetermined nationality (bedoon) were higher than females. The majority of the students (88.9%) mentioned that they knew their future specialty after graduation. The first favorable specialties of the students were school health or primary health care followed by other specialties. Regarding the criteria for choosing nursing career, 48.9% reported like of work, 24.4% due to their scientific excellence, 23.3% due to work dedication, and 20.0% due to self-confidence, and 17.8% due to their committed practical work. The most important ambitions and priorities after graduation for the students were to get suitable work inside Kuwait, want work stability, and complete education.


Conclusions: Improving the complement of nurses, and changing the attitudes and perceptions towards them are crucial to recruit more students in nursing school.


Keywords: nursing students, career choice, attitude.


Abdel El-Halem GE, El Hawashy ZI, Gamal El-Dein AA, Taha EE (2011). Undergraduate male nursing students' perception about the image of the nursing profession. Journal of American Science. 7(3): 614-23.


Abdlkarim N, El Khouly A, and Reizian A (2004). Male student nurses: concerns, expectations and fears towards the profession. The 18th International Scientific Nursing Conference. 27.


Al Jarrah IAT (2013). Associate nursing students’ perceptions toward nursing profession in Jordan. ESJ. 9(6): 147–166.


Al-Kandari FH, Lew I (2005). Kuwaiti high school students' perceptions of nursing as a profession: implications for nursing education and practice. J Nurs Educ. 44(12): 533-40.


Al-Omar BA (2004). Knowledge, attitudes and intention of high school students towards the nursing profession in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 25(2): 150-5.


Baykal U, Sokmen S, Korkmaz S, Akgun E (2005). Determining student satisfaction in a nursing college. Nurse Educ Today. 25(4): 255-62.


Beggs J, Bantham J, Taylor S (2008). Distinguishing the factors influencing college students' choice of Major. College student Journal. 42(2): 381–394.


Buerhaus P, Donelan K, Norman L, Dittus R (2005). Nursing students` perceptions of a career in nursing and impact of a national campaign designed to attract people into the nursing profession. J Prof Nurs. 21(2): 75.


Buerhaus PI, Donelan K, Ulrich BT, Kirby L, Norman L, Dittus R (2005). Registered nurses' perceptions of nursing. Nurs Econ. 23(3): 110-8, 143, 107.


Department of Health (2006). A National Human Resources Plan for Health. Pretoria, South Africa.


El-Sharkawy F and El Hadad A (1996). Factors affecting students` choice of nursing as a career in Egypt and Syria1. The New Egyptian Journal of Medicine. 15(4): 435-440.


Eman T, Seamus C, Edgar A (2012). A triangulation study: Bahraini nursing students' perceptions of nursing as a career. J Nurs Educ Pract. 2(3): 81-92.


Gamel R (2006). The image of nursing as a profession among undergraduate nursing students and interns. Unpublished Master Thesis, Faculty of Nursing: Alexandria University.


Harrigan R, Gollin L, Casken J (2003). Barriers to increasing native Hawaiian, Samoan, and Filipino nursing students: perceptions of students and their families. Nursing Outlook. 51(1): 25 -30.


Jrasat M, Samawi O, Wilson C (2005). Beliefs, attitudes and perceived practice among newly enrolled students at the Jordanian Ministry of Health nursing colleges and institutes in 2003. Educ Health (Abingdon). 18(2): 145-56.


Kelly NR, Shoemaker M (1996). The experience of being a male student nurse. J Nurs Educ. 35(4): 170-4.


Kikwilu EN, Mugonzibwa EA, Rugarabamu PG, Ntabaye MK (2000). Tanzanian high school students' attitude towards five university professional courses. East Afr Med J. 77(3): 143-6.


Kinzie J, Palmer M, Hossler D, Jacob S, Cummings H (2004). Fifty Years of College Choice: Social, Political and Institutional Influences on the Decision-Making Process. New Agenda Series. 5(3): 1-76.


Kohler PA, Edwards TA (1990). High school students' perceptions of nursing as a career choice. J Nurs Educ. 29(1): 26-30.


Law W, Arthur D (2003). What factors influence Hong Kong school students in their choice of a career in nursing? Int J Nurs Stud. 40(1): 23-32.


McGee EM (2006). The healing circle: resiliency in nurses. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 27(1): 43-57.


Ntshona M (2000). Nurse Training, HST UPDATE for Health Workers, Planners and Managers. Issue No. 54 August.


Patidar AB, Kaur J, Sharma SK, Sharma N (2011). Future nurses' perception towards profession and career plans: A cross sectional survey in state Punjab. Nursing and Midwifery Research Journal. 7(4): 175-85.


Prater L, McEwen M (2006). Called to nursing: perceptions of student nurses. J Holist Nurs. 24(1): 63-9.


Romem P, Anson O(2005). Israeli men in nursing: social and personal motives. J Nurs Manag. 13(2): 173-8.


Rossiter JC, Bidewell J, Chan PT (1998). Non-English speaking background high school students' attitudes towards the nursing profession. J Adv Nurs. 27(3): 604-13.


Safadi RR, Saleh MYN, Nassar OS, Amre HM, Froelicher ES (2011). Nursing students‘ perceptions of nursing: a descriptive study of four cohorts. International Nursing Review. 58(4):420-7.


Sand-Jecklin K, Schaffer A (2006). Nursing students’ perceptions of their chosen profession. Nursing Education Perspective. 27(3): 130-135.


Spouse J (2000). An impossible dream? images of nursing held by pre-registration students and their effect on sustaining motivation to become nurses. J AdvNurs. 32(3): 730-9.


Streubert HJ (1994). Male nursing students` perceptions of clinical experience. Nurse Educator. 19(5): 2-6.


Sturo J (2007). The Nursing profession.


Wallace CB (2007). Nursing students’ perceptions of the public image of nursing. A Dissertation Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy, Capella University.


Williams B, Wertenberger D, Gushuliak T (1997). Why students choose nursing. J Nurs Educ. 36(7): 346-48.


Zak I, Meir EI, Kraemer R (1979). The common space of personality traits and vocational interests. J Pers Assess. 43(4): 424-8.


Zysberg L, Berry DM (2005). Gender and students' vocational choices in entering the field of nursing. Nurs Outlook. 53(4):193-8.


Call for Papers/Books

Call for Scholarly Articles

Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles monthly in two yearly issues.

The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.

Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to and

Call for Books

You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas.    Submit as an e-mail attachment to


Login Form

Other Journals