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Oguwike et al

Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

Vol. 10(1), pp. 07-11, 2020

ISSN: 2276-7797

Copyright ©2020, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

https://gjournals.org/GJMS 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prevalence of Tuberculosis Infection and its Effect in the Lung Volumes and Capacities of the Subjects in Ihiala Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria.

 

 

Oguwike F.N1, Nwobodo H.A2, Emenuga V.N3, Ebede S.O4, Offor C.C5, Umeakunebun O.M1

 

 

1.    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Anambra State.

2.    Department of Microbiology, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu State.

3.    Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu State.

4.    Department of Medical Microbiology, University Of Nigeria Teaching Hospital ItukuOzalla, Enugu State.

5.    Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli Campus, Anambra State.

  

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.:01042002

Type: Research

 

 

Mycobacterium are widely distributed throughout the world, and only a few species are pathogenic to man and other mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish (Cruikshank, 1976). Prevalence of tuberculosis infection and its effect in the lung volumes and capacities in the subjects was studied using those infected with the pathogenic species (Mycobacterium tuberculosis).

            Eight (8) months intensive research was carried out by screening 458 subjects at Ihiala L.G.A to study tuberculosis infection, effect in the lung volumes and capacities and its prevalence in that region, 25 infected subjects (m: 15 and   f: 10) out of the 458 screened subjects between the age range of 15-80 years were used for the study which was carried out from January-August 2015. The result of the study showed that the rate of infection in the subjects at Ihiala L.G.A was low. The occurrence in the male subjects (51.2%) was more than in their female counterparts (48.8%). Also the infection was noticed to be occurring most in the age range of 20-70 years in both males and females. The lung volumes and capacities measured with spirometer were observed to be decreased in the 25 tuberculosis infected subjects. The tuberculosis infection could be attributed to exposing oneself with infected persons unknowingly as a result of active life struggle over the years.

 

Accepted:  04/01/2020

Published: 31/01/2020

 

*Corresponding Author

Prof. Francis Oguwike

E-mail: Foguwike@gmail.com

Phone: 08037791363

 

Keywords:

Mycobacteria; Prevalence; Lung capacities; Z-N staining; Lung volumes

 

 

                             



REFERENCES

 

 

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Cruikshank R, Duguid R, Mamoin D.P, Swain A (1976). Mycobacterium tuberculosis’ Medical Microbiology. Published by Churchill Living stone, Medical Division of Longman group LTD, 23 Ravelston Terrace Edinburgh EH4 3TL (Pg 285).

 

Cruikshank R, Duguid J.P, Mamion B.P, Swain R.S.A (1973). Tuberculin Test. Medical Microbiology 12th Edition, vol.1.churchill Livingstone Publication, 23 Ravelston Terrace, Edinburgh, EH4 3TL

 

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Kolappa C. And Goppi P.G (2002).Tobacco smoking and pulmonary tuberculosis. Thorax 57:964-966.

 

Oyebola .D (2002).Pulmonary volumes and capacities. Essential physiology vol.1 Pg99 published by NIHORT Press; ISBN 978-3211-8-6. No.1 NNPC Junction, Abeokuta Rd, Ibadan.

 

Madigan M.T and Martinko J.M, 2006.Epidemiology of Tuberculosis. Brock Biology of Microorganisms 11th Edition, Pearson Benjamin Cummings Publication USA. ISBN: 0-13-196893-9..

 

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. Tuberculosis. Accessed Dec. 10, 2013.


 

 

Cite this Article: Oguwike, FN; Nwobodo, HA; Emenuga, VN; Ebede, SO; Offor, CC; Umeakunebun, OM (2020). Prevalence of Tuberculosis Infection and its Effect in the Lung Volumes and Capacities of the Subjects in Ihiala Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Medical Sciences, 10(1): 07-11.


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