Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

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Agbaji and Ejemot-Nwadiaro

Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

Vol. 9(1), pp. 17-31, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7797

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

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Solid Waste Management in Calabar Metropolis: Case Study of Calabar Urban Development Authority (2008 – 2017)


Dickson David Agbaji1 and Regina Idu Ejemot-Nwadiaro*2


1Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Calabar

2Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, University of Calabar






Article No.: 032919058

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJMS.2019.1.032919058



The challenge of managing solid waste generally in developing countries like Nigeria and its urban cities like Calabar has shifted from ensuring minimum damage to public health and environment to the manner in which discarded resources are to be handled such that future generations are not deprived of its value. This study, therefore examined the Calabar Urban Development Authority’s (CUDA) impact on the management and disposal of waste in Calabar Metropolis between 2008 and 2017. It relied on systematic qualitative content analysis of secondary sources of data, and the theory of Structural-Functionalism was adopted as the tool of analysis for the study. The paper argues that there are waste dumps by the road sides, open drains and open spaces, and paper and vegetable wastes in markets and residential areas throughout Calabar metropolis despite the efforts of CUDA to keep the town clean and green. These untended dumps constitute an aesthetic disaster and have strategically reduced the city’s long standing status as the cleanest in Nigeria. The paper, therefore, recommends the increased public awareness of CUDA’s duties and collection schedules, adequate equipping and funding of CUDA, adoption of a waste separation technique, and establishment of recycling and incineration plants.



Submitted: 29/03/2019

Accepted:  03/04/2019

Published: 30/04/2019


*Corresponding Author

Regina Idu Ejemot-Nwadiaro

E-mail: reginaejemot@



Calabar Urban Development Authority (CUDA); solid waste; solid waste management; Calabar; waste disposal



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Cite this Article: Agbaji DD; Ejemot-Nwadiaro RI (2019). Solid Waste Management in Calabar Metropolis: Case Study of Calabar Urban Development Authority (2008 – 2017). Greener Journal of Medical Sciences, 9(1): 17-31,

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