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Isah et al

Greener Journal of Science, Engineering and Technological Research

Vol. 9(2), pp. 12-18, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7835

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

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Design and Implementation of a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)- Based Door Lock System




Isah Abdulazeez Watson1*, Jimah Kadijhatu Quincy2, Audu Muhammad Lukman3




1, 2, Department of Electrical &Electronic Engineering, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State.

              3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State.







Article No.: 070719130

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJSETR.2019.2.070719130



This paper presents the Design and Implementation of a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) -Based Door Lock System. It is a consequence of the desire to provide a better secured, cheap, flexible and keyless door system. The components used comprises both hardware and software parts. The hardware consists of the ESP8266 Wi-Fi module, an MFRC 522 RFID Reader, a set of RFID Tags, an Electric door lock, an EEPROM, a Fabricated Iron door, a 5.0V regulated power supply unit and connecting leads. The software parts consist of appropriate drivers for the boards, the necessary libraries for the MFRC 522, EEPROM, and the Arduino Software to provide the Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for programming and uploading codes. The tags are activated by writing special codes on them, the codes are retrieved from the tags by the RIFD reader and stored in the EEPROM. When these activated tags are brought close to the door, the RFID reader reads the codes and compare with codes stored in the EEPROM. If there is a match, access is granted to the user otherwise access is denied. With the Wi-Fi capability built onto the module, a cell phone or any Wi-Fi -enabled device such as a tablet or laptop can be used to add or remove a tag from the EEPROM database. The system was tested with several registered and non- registered tags. Only authorized access was granted to those with registered tags. It operates perfectly as envisaged and can be adequately deployed in houses, classrooms, offices, banks, hotels etc.


Submitted: 07/07/2019

Accepted:  09/07/2019

Published: 14/08/2019


*Corresponding Author

Isah Abdulazeez Watson

E-mail: isah505@ gmail. com

Phone: +2348062416511


Keywords: Radio Frequency Identification; keyless door system; MFRC522 RFID Reader; ESP8266 Wi-Fi Module; EEPROM




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Cite this Article: Isah, AW; Jimah, KQ; Audu, ML (2019). Design and Implementation of a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)- Based Door Lock System. Greener Journal of Science, Engineering and Technological Research, 9(2): 12-18,


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