Submitting a manuscript to our editorial office means that the authors have properly read the policies and agreed that the manuscript meets the requirements of these policies.
For proper understanding, we prefer to quote the Office of Research Integrity, stating that a person claiming authorship of a scholarly publication must have met the following criteria:
1. Substantial participation in conception and design of the study, or in analysis and interpretation of data;
2. Substantial participation in the drafting of the manuscript or in the substantive editing of the manuscript;
3. Final approval of the version of the manuscript to be published;
4. Ability to explain and defend the study in public or scholarly settings.
Corresponding or primary author
GJBS requires one author, called the corresponding or primary author, to take responsibility for all aspects of publication, including:
1. the correctness of the data,
2. the list of authors names ensuring no deserving author is neglected,
3. approval of the final draft by all authors, and
4. performing all correspondence.
Changes in authorship
When there is a need for change in authorship, the corresponding author to is required to send us a direct mail requesting for a change in authorship of a submitted manuscript or published article. Corresponding authors can also fill and submit the Change in Authorship Form. If there is prolonged dispute amongst the authors regarding authorship that cannot be suitably resolved between the authors, the authors should contact their institution(s) for a binding decision. The Editor is not responsible for settling authorship disagreement. A change in authorship of a published article will be amended following our criteria for publication of a Correction Article.
The acknowledgement section of a manuscript should be used to list all contributors to the study that do not meet the requirement for authorship stated above. Financial contributors should be acknowledged.
Submission of Manuscript
Manuscripts should be submitted by filling and submitting the online Submission form. Alternatively manuscripts can be sent as an email attachment to one or more of our editorial emails.
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the requirements of GJBS, therefore, authors should endeavor to read our Editorial Policies, Ethic policy and Instruction for Authors before submitting a manuscript to our editorial office. Make sure the following guidelines are met:
· ensure that the work has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review or thesis),
· ensure that the manuscript is not currently being processed elsewhere,
· ensure there is no breach of any copyright by submitting it for publication,
· ensure that the submission and publication has been agreed by all co-authors and responsible authorities,
· ensure there is no default in ethical standard,
· ensure it follows the prescription in our instructions for authors.
In addition, the accurate contact information of all authors (Surname, other names in full, affiliation, email for each author, and a phone number) should be available on the manuscript. Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest should also be available in the manuscript.
Materials and Data Availability
Authors should make materials, data, and related procedures available. This will allow others peers to replicate and build on the work after publication. Upon submission, authors must disclose if any restrictions was made on the accessibility of materials or information. With the unavailability of data and material, there will be no proof to support claims in the study.
Conflict of interest
Conflict of interest is a situation in which financial or other personal interest are likely to make professional judgment and objectivity bias and untrustworthy.
Supplementary definitions include:
Conflicts of interest are "situations in which financial or other personal considerations may compromise, or have the appearance of compromising, an investigator's judgment in conducting or reporting research." AAMC, 1990.
"A conflict of interest in research exists when the individual has interests in the outcome of the research that may lead to a personal advantage and that might therefore, in actuality or appearance compromise the integrity of the research." NAS, Integrity in Scientific Research.
All authors, representatives, reviewers, and editors must disclose any potential Conflict of Interest associated with the manuscript. Authors must also acknowledge all sources of funds that sustained the work.
In cases of Academic Conflict of Interest where an individual (reviewer, editor or editorial board member) has bias or personal interest that can obstruct the peer-review, the individual should declare their conflicts of interest and refuse participation in the review process.
Correction and retraction of articles
On rare occasions, GJBS may make corrections so as to maintain the standard of the articles in its academic archive. Minor or major corrections will require authorization of the editor of the journal.
Depending on the magnitude of the correction to be made, corrections may be made directly on the originally published article for cases of minor corrections. Major corrections will be made available through a new download link leaving the originally published article untouched. Reasons for the change will also be stated alongside.
In other cases where the content of an article is observed to be violating certain rights or offensive we may have to remove that article from our site. Article may also be retracted due to scientific errors, misconduct, or plagiarism.
Authors and their representatives should avoid releasing details about their article to representatives of the media until that article has been published online. Authors may only present detailed information at professional conferences before publication, but authors should abstain from giving out significant material from their articles before online publication. Officers of the press, public affairs, and others can have free access to copies of articles after publication.
The editorial team of GJBS composes of the Editorial Committee, committee on ethics, editors, editorial board and Editorial Office Team (editorial assistants). Editors and editorial board members are selected by the Editorial Committee based on:
1. qualifications and professional experiences,
2. the Journal’s need for international representation and
3. the need to maintain a high journal standard and editorial policies.
Editor and reviewers will perform their responsibilities as stated in our Editorial Guidelines.
Interested persons can apply to become editorial board members by filling and submitting the Editorial Partnership form.
The Publication Process
Step 1. Acknowledgment of the submitted article and issue of manuscript number to the corresponding author (within 24- 48 hrs.).
Step 2. A quick check of the article follows, where an editorial member checks the paper against the Authors Guidelines, to ascertain the scientific knowledge the paper convenes. A plagiarism check is performed, and the paper is edited. (This step spans for 2 - 3 days).
Step 3. Revision by the author (if required), acceptance of the paper and payment is required to be paid promptly.
Step 4. Two or more international reviewers are invited to undertake the peer review of the paper, to provide a broader range scrutiny and evaluation for the paper. This is to equip the author with comments by experiences peers in the subject area; to improve the article where necessary. Thereafter, the author(s) will send a final copy of the paper for publication. The usefulness of reviewers’ comments to the revision of the paper is at the author’s discretion, and it not enforced by our editorial office, although it is strongly recommended that the authors address sensitive and accurate issues raised by the reviewers. We will deliver peer-review comments within 7 – 20 days.
Step 5. After receiving a final revised copy of the paper from the author, a proof copy is made and sent to the author within 1-3 working days for the author's final approval before publication.
Step 6. DOI is assigned, the article is published, the DOI is registered and indexing begins. This step is completed in 3 days or at most, before end of that month.
Step 7. The Post-Publication Peer Review Process begins. The public is free to comment on the papers and more peer - reviewers are able to evaluate the paper. The author is free to send a revised paper to replace the original copy at any time free of charge.
1. Papers are not rejected after they have been accepted in Step 3, although if ethical issues (in our ethics policy) are raised by the reviewers, it will be taken seriously and enforced by our editorial office before publication.
2. In general, the usefulness of reviewers’ comments to the revision of a paper is at the author’s discretion, and it not enforced by our editorial office, although it is strongly recommended that the authors address accurate and needful issues raised by the reviewers for correction. Authors should stick to quality.
3. Published paper will still undergo post-publication review that confirms the quality of each paper.
4. Each issue is in progress over a span of time, and other articles may be added to the ones that have already been published in that issue, before a new issue begins.
5. Papers will not be retracted after they have been published, however, if we receive a substantial complain about the paper from the public (regarding infringements or illegal contents), the author’s attention will be drawn to it before any decision of retraction may be made. We have the right to retract a paper for such reasons and no refund will be issued.
All manuscripts submitted to our editorial office go through a peer-review process that ensures a manuscript is fit and presentable. We require that individuals who are highly competent and recognized in the particular field of the submitted paper review each manuscript. Our editorial office conducts a double blind pre-publication peer review process and an open post-publication peer review Process.
The Peer Review Process
Pre-publication Review: The editorial office team will contact two or more reviewers that have been identified as qualified and the reviewers that may have suggested by the authors. Once potential reviewers agree to read a manuscript, they are given a period to complete the review.
When the reviews are completed, the reviewers’ comments are sent to the author(s) for adequate revision. The corresponding author will submit a final version of the manuscript for publication.Post-publication Review: Published papers are given a post review page that shows the post-review rundown of the article. It will show the post-review comments that have been provided by reviewers and the author's response/revision. The authors and editorial office will jointly solicit for reviewers that are qualified to provide post-review comments on the already published papers. This will provide additional boost to the paper's quality. Once potential reviewers agree to read a manuscript, they are given a convenient period to complete the review. Their review comments are openly available on the post-publication review page for the authors and public to view. The authors can react to the comment, make revisions and submit a revised copy of the article to replace the original one.
Appeals or complaints
Any appeals or complains by the Authors should be addressed to the journal’s editorial office. The journal team will try to resolve them following the Journal’s procedure.
GJBS maintains its stand on the following ethical issues:
Data fabrication/falsification, plagiarism, authorship, duplicate submission, duplicate publication, unethical citations, copyright infringement and non-compliance with regulatory standards affecting research.
GJBS will consider as misconduct, any behaviour or action that goes against its editorial and ethics policies. Other cases of miscounts includes failure to report identified misconduct, baseless false reports of misconduct, restriction of information pertinent to a claim or misconduct, vengeance against persons involved in the accusation or investigation, rendering insults when corresponding with our staff members and editors.
GJBS will treat every manuscript with confidentiality. No manuscript will be given to anyone outside the editorial process, the editorial office and the editorial board members. Every reviewer is obliged not to share or use for any other purpose, any part of the manuscript being reviewed by them.
Proofs and Reprints
A proof copy is a final version of a manuscript that is sent to the corresponding author for final approval before publication. GJBS has restrictions on author alterations in proof. Corrections are only permitted for realistic errors, copyediting errors, improvement in quality of figures. All necessary fees must be paid before a manuscript will be published.
A link to the full version of the published article will be sent to the corresponding author to download the PDF file. Authors can also access the full text (in PDF) of the article online. GJBS do not provide authors with free reprints (hardcopies), reprints will be available after purchase.
Open Access Policy
Open Access is an unrestricted online model that allows the distribution of research papers through the internet to everyone in global community with no price restraint. Thus, all articles published under open access can be accessed by anyone with internet access. GJBS employs the Open Access initiative. All abstracts and full texts (in PDF and other formats) of articles published by GJBS are freely accessible online to the global community immediately after publication.
Creative Common Attribution License
All works published by GJBS are covered by Creative Common Attribution License. This license allows anyone to copy, distribute, transmit and replicate the work provided the original work and source is properly cited.
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
GJBS currently allows authors to retain copyright for any article published in a journal. The article may be reused according to the Creative Common Attribution License. The author is only required to grant GJBS publication right.
Processing / Publication Fee
GJBS will require authors to pay a processing / publication fee. See fees and waiver for more information
Reader’s ResponsesGJBS is receptive to responses from site visitor about published articles. A response link will be available on the web pages of the published issues and article’s abstracts for readers to give their comments. Such comments will be reviewed by the editor and sent to the authors of the original article when recommended.
Call for Papers/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholarly articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles promptly.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.