Greener Journal of Educational Research

Excellence and Timeliness

  
  

Choose Language

Ndirangu and Orodho

Greener Journal of  Educational Research Vol. 8(5), pp. 119-130, July 2018

 ISSN: 2276-7789 

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 072118102


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJER.2018.5.072118102)

 

 

Contribution of Peace Education as a Determinant of Holistic Education of Students in Secondary Schools in Kiambu and Samburu Counties, Kenya

 

 

Dr. Waweru P.  Ndirangu1 and Prof. John Aluko Orodho2

 


 

Principal of Magogoni Community Secondary and Technical School, Thika East Sub- County, Kiambu County, Kenya.

Associate Professor of Research and Statistics in Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, School of Education, Kenyatta University, Kenya


Abstract


This study sought to determine the contribution of peace education as a determinant of holistic education of students in secondary schools in Kiambu and Samburu Counties, Kenya. An explanatory mixed methods research design that involves both quantitative and qualitative strands was adopted for the study. The actual sample reached for both phases was 707 participants. The research instruments used during the first quantitative strand of the study were questionnaires for principals, students and senior teachers. The qualitative data in the second phase was collected using observation checklists and interview guidelines for principals, senior teachers, members of BoM as well as Quality Assurance and Standards Officers from the Ministry of Education. Quantitative data from questionnaires was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The major finding was that majority of respondents in Kiambu County compared to their counterparts in Samburu County considered peace education as one of the determinants of holistic education. The results especially based on regression analysis and corroborated by qualitative data from interviews and observations led to the conclusion that the use of a combination of peace education was one of the determinants of holistic education. It was thus recommended that Peace Education should be integrated into the syllabuses at all levels of learning from pre-unit to university to facilitate development of holistic education.

 

Keywords: Academic, non-academic variables, holistic education, secondary schools. Kenya.

Post-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]


References


Adan, M.A.& Orodho, A.J.(2016). Effects if inter-clan conflict on quality school outcomes in secondary scold among nomadic pastoralists communities in Mandera County, Kenya. International Journal of Research & Methods in Education (IOSR-JRME (Vol.6, Issue 3 Ver III (May-June 2016). Pp22-29.

 

Adeiza, A. (2011). Avoiding a repeat of mass failure in national examinations in subsequent WAEC/NECO Examinations. Available online at www.people-daily.com

 

Amin, M. (2005). Social Science Research: Conception: Methodology and Analysis. Kampala Makerere University.

 

Ampofo, S., & Orodho, J. (2014). Significance and delivery teaching practice: perception of distance education teacher trainees of the University of Cape Coast, Ghana. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research Vol. 5, Issue, 4, pp.868-876, April, 2014.

 

Asamoah, M, (2014). Re-examination of the limitations associated with correlation research. Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2(4), pp45-52.

 

Agezo CK (2010) Female leadership and school effectiveness in junior high schools in Ghana. Journal of Educational Administration 48(6): 689–703.

 

Bajaj, M.(2015). Pedagogical approaches of resistance and critical peace education praxis. Journal of Peace Education. Vol.12(2) 154-166.

 

Bajaj. J. & Hantzopourous, M. (2016). Introduction Theory, Research and Praxis in peace education Perspectives, New York, 1-6.

 

Bamberger, M.(2012).Introduction to Mixed Methods in Impact Evaluation. Impact Evaluation Notes (3) , New York: The Rockefeller  Foundation.

 

Basl, E. (2014). Palestinian Borderline Identity. A quest for an alternative Palestinian identity. Chile and the United Arab Emirates.

 

Bolivar, A., Lopez, J.,&Muliro, F.J. (2013).Leadership in educational institutions, No.14 pp.15-60.

 

Boone, H.& Boone, D. (2012). Analyzing Likert Data. Journal of Extension, 50 (2) .

 

Brooks. (2013). Selecting a sample. Educational Research. 250.

 

Bwana, H.A., & Orodho, A.J. (2014). The school-community partnership: what are the nature, type and challenges in partnerships on the development of education in Lamu East District, Kenya? . International Organization of Scientific Research – Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR.JHSS) Volume 19, Issue 6, VerV II (June ,2014) pp01-04 .

 

Cohen, L, Manion, L. Morrison, K.(2011). Research Methods in Education, 7th Edition, London, : Rutledge.

 

Constantine’s, N, Phallas, A. Bloch, A &Searle, C. (2011). Structured methods: Interviews, questionnaires and observations. Available on-line at  http://www.sagebub.comaccessed on 12th  April; 2017 .

 

Creswell, (2003). Research Designs: Qualitative, quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, 2nd Edition, Thousand Oak, CA, Sage.

 

Creswell. J. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research, 4th Edition, and Boston: Pearson.

 

Creswell, J, Classen A., Clark V. & Smith, K. (2010). Best practices for mixed methods research in the health sciences. Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research: National Institute of Health.

 

Creswell, J., Vicki, L. & Clark, P.(2011). Designing and conducting mixed methods research, 2ND Edition, Sage, Publications, Inc.

 

Daresh. R. (2006). Towards an integrated theory of peace education. Journal of Peace Education. Vol.3, No.1 March 2006, pp.55-77

 

Dawson. (2002). Practical Research Methods: A user-friendly guide to mastering research. Oxford: How to Books.

 

Dross, E. (2011). Validity and reliability in social science research. Education Research and perspectives, 38 (1)pp 105-123.

 

Dube, A.K & Orodho, A.J.(2016). Disaster management and risk reduction strategies in public secondary schools in Mandera County, Kenya. International Journal in Management and social science.   Vol. 04, Issue 04 (April 2016). Pp.398-411.

 

Jafari, S.M., Nasrabadi, H.A, & Liaghatdar. (2012). Holistic education: An Approach for the 21st Century. International Education Studies, Vol.5, April;  2012.

 

Japheth, R. (2010).S tudentsaccess and participation in extra-curricular activities in secondary schools in Tanzania. Unpublished M.A. (Ed). Dissertation, University of Dares Salaam.

 

Johnson, D.W & Johnson, R.T. (2006). Peace Education for Consensus Peace: The essential role of peace conflict resolution. Journal of Peace Education. 3(2) 147-174

 

Kester, K.(2007).  Peace education: Experience and storytelling as living educator. Peace and Conflict Review.No.2.

 

Kester, K. (2008).  Developing peace education programme: Beyond ethnocentrism and violence. Peace Prints. Journal of South Asian Peace building.  1(1) pp.37-64.

 

Kinggundu, E., & Nayimuli, S. (2009). Developing peace education programme.  Teaching practice: A make or break phase for student teachers. South African Journal of Education, 29, 345-358. (2); 137-146.

 

Malik. A., Sarwar, S, M. & Khan, N. (2010). Identification of Social Development in Early childhood in Pakistan, Journal of College Teaching and Learning: 7(6) p 39-48.

 

Ndayambaje, I. Ampofo, S.Y, Bizimana, B., & Orodho, A.J. (2015). Challenges of social spill-over benefits as motivating factors to investment in formal education in selected countries of Ghana, Kenya and Rwanda. Vol.20, Issue 4, Ver VI (April 2015) pp29-38.

 

Orodho J.A., (2012) Elements of Educational and Social Science Research Methods, Maseno: Kanezja Publishers.

 

Orodho, A. (2017a). Strategies to reduce inequalities through sustainable development and collaborative management of quality education: lessons from selected countries in Africa. Paper presented in sustainability conference in Colorado, USA, January 2017.

Orodho J.A., (2017b) Techniques of Analyzing Quantitative Data Using Statistical Package for Social Sciences

(SPSS) Computer programme Version 20.00, Maseno: Kanezja Publishers.

 

Orodho, A, Ampofo, S., Bizimana, B & Ndayambaje, I. (2015). Management of Quantitative Data using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Computer programme, Kanezja Publishers Nairobi.

 

Orodho, A.; Khatete, I.; & Mugiraneza, J. (2016). Concise Statistics: A step by step guide, Kanezja Publishers; Nairobi.

 

Orodho, A., Nzabalirwa, W., Odundo; Waweru.  & Ndayambaje. (2016). Quantitative and qualitative research methods in education and social sciences: Towards Scholarly Excellence, Kanezja Publishers, and Nairobi.

 

Peace and Development (2016). Education for peace: Developing competencies for peace education in the youth, pp10-18.

 

Republic of Kenya. (2010). The Constitution of Kenya, 2010.The Attorney General. Nairobi.

 

Republic of Kenya. (2011). Child friendly Schools Manual. Ministry of Education. Nairobi.

 

Sava, L.A. &Orodho A.J (2014). Socio-economic factors influencing pupils’ access to education in informal settlements: A case of Kibera, Nairobi County, Kenya. International Journal of Education and Research.Vol2.No.3 March, 2014 pp1-16.

 

Smith, A. (2011). The influence of education on conflict and peace building. Background paper prepared for the education for All Global Monitoring Report 2011. The hidden crisis: Annual conflict and education.

 

Tchombe, T.(2011). Education, violence, conflict and prospects of peace in Africa: An evaluation of Research endeavour for peace education. University of Buea.

 

Turner, W. (2010). Qualitative interview design: A practical guide for novice investigators. The qualitative report.15 (3) pp 754-760.

 

Trifonas, P.D & Wright, B.(2013). Introduction in peace: Peace critical. Difficult dialogue. New York. Springer (xii-xv).

 

UNESCO/UNICEF. (2007). A Human Rights –Based Approach to Education for All: A framework for the realization of children’s Rights education and Rights within Education. New –York. United Nations.

 

UNESCO. (2010). Education for All Global Monitoring Report: Reaching the Marginalized. Paris

 

UNESCO. (2011a). Conceptual evaluation and policy development in lifelong learning. Hamburg. UNESCO. Institute of Lifelong Learning.

 

UNESCO. (2011b). Global Monitoring Report: Education and Annual conflict: Paris UNESCO.

 

UNESCO. (2012). Systematic monitoring of education for All. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, (UNESCO).

 

UNICEF, (2011). Proposal on peace building and education. UNICEF Education section, New York.

 

UNESCO(2010)Reachingthemarginalized.EFAGlobalMonitoringReport.Paris:UNESCO.

 

Yamane, T. (1967). Elementary sampling theory: New Jersey; Prentice Hill, Inc. Publishing House.


Call for Papers/Books

Call for Scholarly Articles


Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles in a timely fashion.


The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.


Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to gjer@acad.gjournals.org or manuscripts@gjournals.org.



Call for Books


You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to books@acad.gjournals.org.



Search

Login Form

Other Journals


Newsletters


Sponsored