Okoth et al
Greener Journal of Educational Research Vol. 8(5), pp. 111-118, July 2018
Manuscript Number: 072118101
Influence of Resources on Students’ Academic Performance in Physics at Secondary Schools in Ugenya Sub-County, Siaya County, Kenya
Okoth B. Konyango1, Dr. Ogeta N.O.2, Dr. Otieno M.2, and Prof. John A. Orodho3*
1 Okoth B.Konyango is a doctorate Student in the Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, School of Education, Kenyatta University, Kenya
2 Dr. Ogeta Ogun and Dr. Otieno, Mary are lecturers at the Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, School of Education, Kenyatta University, Kenya
3* Prof. John Aluko Orodho is an Associate Professor of Educational Research and Statistics at the Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, School of Education, Kenyatta University, Kenya. He is also a doctoral supervisor of Okoth B. Konyango.
study sought to investigate resource variables that contribute to poor
performance in physics subject among
students in secondary schools in Ugenya Sub-County, Siaya County, Kenya. The
study employed a cross-sectional research design. Purposive sampling technique
was used to select 12 principals, 12 teachers of physics and 204 Form Three
students pursuing physics, yielding a sample size of 228 from five schools in
the study locale. Data was collected using
questionnaires and structured interviews. Statistical Package for Social
Sciences (SPSS) was used to analyze quantitative data. The main findings were
that inadequate qualified physics teachers and
inappropriate laboratory equipment necessary for effective teaching of
physics were the main causes for the students’ poor performance in the subject.
The teachers largely utilized teacher-centered instructional strategies. It was also established that both teachers
and students had negative attitudes towards the subject. It was evident that
there was acute shortage of appropriate physical resources, especially text
books and laboratory equipment. The study concluded that requisite resources
and inappropriate instructional techniques were critical in enhancing students’
academic performance in physics. It was
recommended that the government of Kenya through the Ministry of Education and
private school owners should make concerted efforts to ensure that the schools
are well equipped with necessary materials, teachers need to undergo in-service
training on the use of high impact instructional strategies and students appropriately motivated as a way of
sustaining their interest in physics.
Keywords: human resources,
Physical resources, instructional strategies,
physics, secondary schools.
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