Greener Journal of Educational Research

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Izah et al

By Izah, SC; Odubo, TC; Ajumobi, VE; Osinowo, O (2022).

Greener Journal of Educational Research

Vol. 12(1), pp. 01-12, 2022

ISSN: 2276-7789

Copyright ©2022, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)






Attitudes to and evaluation of Objective Structured Practical Examination by first-year Microbiology Students of a Tertiary Educational Institution in Nigeria.



Sylvester Chibueze Izah1*; Tamaraukepreye Catherine Odubo1; Victor Emeka Ajumobi1; Olugbenro Osinowo2



1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Bayelsa Medical University, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

2Department of Surgery, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Bayelsa Medical University, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.






Article No.: 112721138

Type: Research


Challenges associated with examiner variability, standardization, and uniformity of assessment have been identified in traditional practical examination methods of assessment of practical skills. These concerns have been addressed by the Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE), which is objective, reliable, and efficient for assessing individual students' practical knowledge, skills, and abilities. This study evaluated the attitudes to and evaluation of OSPE by first-year Microbiology Students of the Bayelsa Medical University, Nigeria. The entire class comprising 41 first-year Microbiology students participated in this study. They were randomly divided into four groups of 12, 12, 12, and 5 students. A total of 12 stations were created, including 10 and 2 work and rest stations, respectively. The practical knowledge assessed covered the three domains of learning (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor). Each student spent 5 minutes at each station. The attitude to the use of OSPE for evaluation was determined using structured questionnaires designed with the Likert’s scale (5-0). The results showed that the mean response was in the range of 3.56 – 4.22. The results also revealed that OSPE is an effective tool for assessing the students' knowledge and will give broader coverage of knowledge, opportunity to answer all questions, and make it easier to score high grades. It was therefore suggested to be adopted in the Department as a tool for assessing all practical examinations. The Cronbach’s alpha of 0.754 showed that the items (had good internal consistency) are good (reliable) for making a decision. Based on the findings of this study, we conclude that OSPE can replace the existing conventional method of practical examination and we recommend that the Department of Microbiology and other non-clinical disciplines adopt OSPE as an assessment tool for all practical examinations.


Accepted:  29/11/2021

Published: 31/03/2022


*Corresponding Author

Sylvester Chibueze Izah

E-mail: chivestizah@

Phone: +2347030192466



Assessment, Attitude, Microbiology Students, Objective Structured Practical Examination.






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Cite this Article: Izah, SC; Odubo, TC; Ajumobi, VE; Osinowo, O (2022). Attitudes to and evaluation of Objective Structured Practical Examination by first-year Microbiology Students of a Tertiary Educational Institution in Nigeria. Greener Journal of Educational Research, 12(1): 01-12.


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