Greener Journal of Educational Research

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Greener Journal of Educational Research

Vol. 9(2), pp. 104-115, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7789

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

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Effect of Free Secondary Education Fund on Teaching and learning Resources: A Case Study of Kericho County, Kenya


Ngeno, Viviline


University of Kabianga, Kenya






Article No.: 101319183

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJER.2019.2.101319183



Education has been declared worldwide as both a human right and an indispensable means of realizing other human rights. To support provision of Education for All, Free Secondary Education (FSE) policy was adopted in 2008 to enhance the provision of secondary school education in Kenya. The first cycle of students who benefitted from FSE fund graduated in 2011. The Students’ mean scores in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) on an average was 5.39 in Kericho County that was lower than the national mean.  It was necessary to determine the effect of FSE fund on teaching and learning resources in the county since it contributes to performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish effect of FSE fund on Teaching and Learning Resources in Kericho County. The study was based on the concept of investment choices and consequently a conceptual framework was formulated. The independent variable was FSE Fund and dependent variable was Teaching and Learning Resources Descriptive, ex-post facto and correlational research designs were adopted. The study population was 4,457 Principals, Sub County Quality Assurance and Standard Officers, Directors of Studies and form IV students of 2011. The sample size was 485. Snowball and saturated sampling techniques were used to select respondents. Questionnaire, interview schedules, focus group discussion guide and document analysis guide were used to collect data. Reliability coefficient of the principals’ questionnaire was 0.80 at set p-value of 0.05. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Qualitative data was transcribed and analyzed in emergent themes and sub themes. The study established that Student book Ratio for individual subjects was approaching 1:1 in most schools. The study further established that there was a moderate positive relationship between FSE funding on Student Book Ratio Pearson’s r was squared. The coefficient of determination R2 = 0.480 which meant that FSE policy accounted for 23.04% of the variation in Student Book Ratio. The study concluded that FSE Fund should increase the student book ratio by 23.04%. The study recommended that FSE fund should be reviewed upward to Teaching and Learning resources further. The findings of this study are significant to stakeholders in education as it informs them on the need to review the policy with a view to improving secondary school education so as to achieve the objectives of FSE policy.


Submitted: 13/10/2019

Accepted:  22/10/2019

Published: 31/10/2019


*Corresponding Author

Viviline Ngeno

E-mail: vivilinengeno@



Effect; FSE Fund; Teaching and learning resources; Kericho County.




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Cite this Article: Ngeno, V (2019). Effect of Free Secondary Education Fund on Teaching and learning Resources: A Case Study of Kericho County, Kenya, 9(2): 104-115,


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