Greener Journal of Education and Training Studies

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Greener Journal of Education and Training Studies Vol. 4 (1), pp. 010-018, 2018.

  ISSN: 2354-225X 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 090118127



Parental Communication Patterns and Children’s Academic Performance in Cameroon



Dr. KUMNCHO Eveline Neh


 Department Of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, University Of Buea.


This study was anticipated to identify the relationship between parental communication and students’ academic performance among secondary school students in Cameroon. Theoretically, solitary would expect parental involvement to be more effective for school success when parents are more educated. But empirical evidence, mostly based on U.S. datasets, provides inconsistent findings. This paper hypothesizes that parental participation through parenting and communication types of involvement will give children an advantage towards academic achievement. This paper examines the association of parental communication patterns as, a form of parental involvement, and academic achievement in a purely African context. A Purposive sampling technique was used to select six secondary schools that make up the sample of this study. The research hypothesis that guided the study were that parental communication patterns affect students’ academic performance. The survey design was used for the study and the research instrument used was the questionnaire. This instrument was administered to 300 Form three students, 149 males and 151 females. The data were analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation. The result of the analysis reveals that the calculated Гxy –value of 0.14 is greater than the critical Г xy –value of 0.133 at .05 level of significance with 298 degrees of freedom. With the result of the analysis, the null hypothesis was rejected and the alternative hypothesis upheld. This result therefore means that the regular communication with children significantly influences the academic performance of secondary school students. This implies that parental participation plays a pivotal role in motivating children to improve their academic grades. For students to reap maximum benefits in an education system, the learning should not be solely left to the student–teacher relationship but should be extended to include active parental involvement among other education stakeholders.

Keywords: parental communication patterns, academic performance


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