By Eli, S; Abam, DS; Josiah, A; Alex-Hart, BA; Joboy-Okei, EA (2022).

Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

Vol. 12(1), pp. 74-76, 2022

ISSN: 2276-7797

Copyright ©2022, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

https://gjournals.org/GJMS

 

 

 

 

Child Sexual Abuse: Report of 2-Cases

 

 

Eli S1; Abam DS2; Josiah A3; Alex-Hart BA4; Joboy-Okei EA5

 

 

Mother and Baby Care Global Foundation.1

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital.2

Department of Paediatrics, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital.3

Department of Paediatrics, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital.4

Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Center Owerri.5

 

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 020822018

Type: Case Study

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Background: The infringement on the rights of the child is referred to child sexual abuse or assault. Apart from the physical scars, there are associated psychological consequences on the victims. It is important social problem with paucity of local data.

Aim: To present these 2-cases of victims of child sexual abuse who were managed at the emergency units of the referral hospitals and to suggest solutions on how to curb this social menace..

Case: The first was Miss OT a 4-year old nursery 3 pupil brought in by her mother at the Paediatrics and Obstetrics/Gynaecology units of a private hospital, with complaint of rape by a 14-year old boy. The second was a 6 year old primary 1 pupil who presented at the Paediatrics and Obstetrics/Gynaecology department of University of Port Harcourt with complaint of rape by a 15 year old next door neighbor one week prior to presentation .They were managed accordingly and the necessary medico-legal protocols taken.

Conclusion: Child sexual abuse is not uncommon in our environment based on the information gotten from the media space on a daily basis. Multidisciplinary management approach should be institute for the abused involving the clinical psychologist, psychiatrist, paediatricians, gynaecologist and other professionals. The law should be allowed to run its course as the victims go through a lot, with psychological scars taking a long time to heal.

 

Accepted:  08/02/2022

Published: 17/02/2022

 

*Corresponding Author

Dr Josiah A (MBBS, FWACP)

E-mail: josiahappollus@ gmail.com

 

Keywords: child, sexual, abuse.

 

 

 

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

 

A child that was a victim of sexual activity with an assailant that is older for which he or she has not given consent and cannot comprehend is a sexually abused child.1 This involves, genital, anal or oral contact with the child.2 It also entails non-touching abuses including voyeurism, exhibition or engaging the child in pornography, internet inclusive.3 The intention is to sexually gratify the assailant.1, 2 Furthermore, it includes incidence such as sexual harassment, rape, sexual assault, molestation and incest. 2-6 Apart from the physical scars, there are associated psychological consequences on the victims. It is an important social problem with paucity of local data.

 

 

CASE REPORTS:

 

The first was Miss OT a 4-year old nursery 3 pupil brought in by her mother at the Paediatrics clinic and later referred to the Obstetrics/Gynaecology unit of a private hospital, with complaint of rape by a 14-year old boy. The second was a 6 year old primary 1 pupil who presented at the Paediatrics out-patient clinic and later referred to the Obstetrics/Gynaecology department of University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital with complaint of rape by a 15 year old next door neighbor one week prior to presentation. They were managed accordingly and the necessary medico-legal protocols taken.

On physical examination they had bruises on their faces (inflicted by the assailants). Vaginal orifices were greater than 2cm, there were no obvious discharges or  bleeding or erythema. Their hymen were not intact. Diagnosis of sexual assault was made for each victim.

Investigations requested for were all negative for; Hepatitis B surface antigen and retroviral screen to Human Immunodeficiency viruses I &II, Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test were non-reactive for both victims. In addition, urine microscopy revealed presence of epithelial cells and vaginal swab test yielded no growth.

Their managing teams were made up of Gynaecologists, Paediatricians and Psychiatrists. Mothers and children were counseled, oral antibiotics were also prescribed. Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (Anti-Retroviral) were not given as duration at presentation was greater than 72 hours following the incident. They are presently on follow up at paediatric outpatient clinic.

 

 

DISCUSSION:

 

In Nigeria as in other Sub-Saharan countries there are few population based studies to accurately estimate the prevalence of child sexual abuse. Institutional based studies has been documented in small scale.1 This is partly as a result of poor record keeping as well as the under reporting of child sexual abuse.1,2 The very few children who are victims of child sexual abuse brought to the hospital by guardians do so for the fear of probable medical complications that may ensue from such abuse.4,5-8 About 60% of the perpetrators are non-relatives examples of such   are neighbours, family friends and house maids.2,9-10 However, close relatives who are perpetrators of acts of sexual abuse contribute to about 30% of  the victims these include brothers, fathers, cousins and uncles.2 Strangers are the least offenders of child sexual abuse contributing to about 10% of those sexually abused.3 In majority of cases men are found to be the assailants irrespective of the sex of the child.4 However, in about 14% of the cases women are implicated.4,5

 

 

CONCLUSION

 

Child sexual abuse is not uncommon in our environment based on the information gotten from the media space on a daily basis. Multidisciplinary management approach should be instituted for the abused involving the clinical psychologist, psychiatrist, paediatricians, gynaecologist and other professionals. The law should be allowed to run its course as the victims go through a lot, with psychological scars taking a long time to heal.

 

 

Acknowledgement:

 

Mother, Baby and Adolescent Care Global Foundation.

 

 

REFERENCES

 

1.      Eli S, Okagua KE, Kalio DGB, Briggs NCT. Sexual assault of a 4-year old Girl by a Minor: one case too many. International Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences 2020; 12: 147-150.

2.      Aebi M, Landolt MA, Mueller-Pfeiffer C, Schnyder U, Maier T. Testing the “sexually abused-abuser hypothesis” in adolescents: A population based study. Archives of Sexual Behaviour 2015; 44: 2189 - 2199 .

3.      Amado BG, Arce R, Herraiz A. Psychological injury in victims of child sexual abuse: A meta-analytic review. Psychosocial intervention 2015;24: 49-62.

4.      Areta CM. Child sexual abuse and sexual revictimization clinical psychology Science and Practice 2002; 9: 135-164..

5.      Bartha J, Beretz L, Hein E, Trelle S, Toma T. Current prevalence of child sexual abuse worldwide. A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Public Health 2013; 58; 469-483.

6.      Brownell MD, Jutte DP. Administrative data linkage as a tool for child maltreatment research. Child Abuse & Neglect 2013; 37: 120-124.

7.      Feiring C, Cleland C. Childhood sexual abuse and abuse-specific attributions of blame over 6-years following discovery. Child Abuse & Neglect 2007; 31; 1169-1186.

8.      Felson RB, Lane KJ. Social learning, sexual and physical abuse, and adult crime. Aggressive Behaviour 2009; 35: 489 – 501.

9.      Ferguson DM, Bodin JM, Horwood LJ. Exposure to childhood sexual and physical abuse and adjustment in early adulthood. Child Abuse & Neglect 2008;32: 607-619.

10.   Leach C, Stewart A, Smallbones S. Testing the sexually abuser hypothesis: A prospective longitudinal birth cohort study. Child Abuse & Neglect 2016; 51: 144-151.

 


 

 

 

Cite this Article: Eli, S; Abam, DS; Josiah, A; Alex-Hart, BA; Joboy-Okei, EA (2022). Child Sexual Abuse: Report of 2-Cases. Greener Journal of Medical Sciences, 12(1): 74-76.