Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness

  
  

Choose Language

Advertisements


Ikenga and Onotai

Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

Vol. 11(2), pp. 243-245, 2021

ISSN: 2276-7797

Copyright ©2021, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

https://gjournals.org/GJMS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Otolaryngological manifestations in sickle cell disease patients in Port Harcourt.

 

 

Ikenga V O1; Onotai L O2

 

 

1 Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital

Port Harcourt.

2 Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Port Harcourt.

 

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 112121130

Type: Research

 

 

Background: Sickle Cell Disease is the most common hereditary disorder. The complications of the disease are seen in most human organs. Apart from hearing loss, there is paucity of information on other otorhinolaryngological manifestations of sickle cell disease in our environment.

Aim: To determine the common otolaryngological disorders in sickle cell disease patients in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital

Patients and method: This was a three-year retrospective study of sickle cell patients seen in haematology and Ear, Nose and throat clinic university of Port Harcourt teaching hospital from June 1st, 2015 to June 30th, 2018.

Result: Sixty-three sickle cell disease patients aged 0- 29 years had otolaryngological conditions. There were fifty nine (59) HbSS and four (4) HbSC. Thirty-six (57.1%) of the patients had tonsillitis, thirteen (20.6%) had obstructive adenoid and tonsils, three (4.8%) had cerumen auris, one (1.6%) patient had sensorineural hearing and one (1.6%) patient had head and neck lymphoma.

Conclusion: The study revealed that diseases of the tonsils were the commonest otorhinolaryngological disorders seen among sickle cell disease patients in Port Harcourt. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is key to a favourable outcome.

 

 

Accepted:  23/11/2021

Published: 30/11/2021

 

*Corresponding Author

Onotai Lucky Obukowho

E-mail: onotailuckinx@ yahoo.co.uk

 

Keywords:

Otolaryngological, manifestations, sickle cell disease, patients.

 

 



 

 

REFERENCES

 

1. Hoffbrand, A.V., Petit, J.E., Moss, P.A.H., (2005) Genetic Disorders of heamoglobin: Essential Heamatology. 4th edition Science Massachusetts USA: Blackwell Publishing Limited, PP. 83-85.

 

2.Adekile, J.C., Adeodu, O.O. (2016) Haemoglobinopathies in Azubuike, J.C., Nkanginieme, K.E.O. edsPaediatrics and Child Health in Tropical Region, 3rd Ed. Lagos Educational Printing and Publishing, PP. 1051-1065.

 

3. Ganong, W.F. (2005) Haemoglobin in Ganong, W.F., Ed review of medical Physiology. 22nded. New York: McGraw Hill, PP. 534-536.

 

4. Alabi’s Ernest K, Eletta P. Owolabi, A. Suleiman O. Otological Findings among Nigerian Children with Sickle Cell Anaemia, Int. J. PeadiatrOtorhiolaryngol 2008: 72(5): 659-663.

 

5. Salles C, Terse, T., Ramos, T., Daltro, C. Nascimento, V.M., Matos, M.A., Association between Adenontosillar Hypertrophy, Tonsillitis and Painful Crisis in Sickle Cell Disease J. Paediatric (Rioj) 2009:85(3): 249-253

 

6. Abou-Elmad KE, Otorhnological Manifestations of Sickle Cell Disease. Int. J PaediatrOtorrhnolaryngol, 2012; 76(1): 1-428.

 

7. Nando-Maino A, Williams, T.N. Olupot-Olupot P. Frequency and Severity of Epistaxis in Children with Sickle Cel;lAnaemia in Eastern Uganda: Case Control Study. BM Hematol 14 (2017).

 

8. Saito N, Nadgir, R.N, Flowers EN, Sakai, S. Clinical and Radiologic Manifestations of Sickle Cell Disease in the Head and Neck. http://doi.org/10.1148/rg.30409517

 

9. Mgbor N, Emordi I, Sensoumeural Hearing Loss in Nigeria Children with Sickle Cell Disease. Int. J. Peadiatr. 2004; 68(11):1413-16.

 

10. Onakoya, P.A., Nwaorgu, O.G.B., Shokunbi, W.A., Sensorineral Hearing Loss in Adult with Sickle Cell Anaemia. Jo.

 

11. Booth, J.B., Sudden and Fluctant Sensormenal Hearing Loss. Kerr AG, Booth JB eds. Scott-Brown’s  Otolarynology 6th Edition, Butterworth and Heinemann: 1997:22-28.

 

12. Ajulo, S.O. The Significance of Recurrent Tonsillitis in Sickle Cell Disease.Clin.Otolaryng ol Allied Science, 1994:19(3): 230-233.

 

13. Ijaduola, G.T., Akinyanju, O.O. Chronic Tonsillitis, Tonsillectory and sickle Cell Crisis J. Laryngol Otol., 1987: 101 (5):467-470

 

14. Chinawa, J.M., Akpeh, J.O. Chinawa, A.T., Clinical Profile and Pattern of adenoids Hypertrophy Among Children Attending a Private Hospital in Enugu, South East Nigeria. Pan African Medical Journal, 2015: 21:1919.6028.

 

15. Taveres de Gois CD, D’Avila, J.S., Cipolotti, R., Silva Lira, A. Leite Silva AL .Adenotonsillar Hypertrophy in Pre-School Children with Sickle Cell Disease and Diagnostic accuracy of Sleep Disturbance. Scale for Children. Int. Arch Otorhniolaryngol 2018:22(1):55-59.

 

16. Sambo, G.S., Saidu, A.J., Kirfi, A.M., Sani, M. Saudi, M.T. Epistaxis: The experience at Kaduna Nigeria Imedsoc. 2014:28(2):81-85.

 


 

 

Cite this Article: Ikenga VO; Onotai LO (2021). Otolaryngological manifestations in sickle cell disease patients in Port Harcourt. Greener Journal of Medical Sciences, 11(2): 243-245.

 


Call for Papers

Call for Scholarly Articles


Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles monthly in two yearly issues.


The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.


Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to manuscripts@acad.gjournals.org or manuscripts.igj@gmail.com.



Advertisements


Search

Login Form

Other Journals


Newsletter