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Ikenga and Oparaodu

Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

Vol. 11(2), pp. 240-242, 2021

ISSN: 2276-7797

Copyright ©2021, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

https://gjournals.org/GJMS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pattern of Communication Disorders in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria.

 

 

Ikenga VO1; Oparaodu  UA1

 

 

1Department of Surgery, Rivers State University.

 

 

 

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 112121131

Type: Research

 

 

Background: Globally communication disorders have been recognized as a major public health challenge cutting across all age groups and gender. The prevalence of communication disorders also known as speech and language disorders in high socio- economic countries is between 0.5 -7%and in Africa is between 10- 25%.

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the pattern of communication disorder in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria.

Method: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of patients who presented to the speech and language section of the department of ear, nose and throat department of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital over a 10-year period. The information was retrieved with a proformer and analysed with SPSS version 25.

Result: Ninety eight patients were seen within the period under review; however only eighty – three (83) had complete record. There were 55 (62.3%) males and 28 (33.7%) females. For age bracket with communication disorders 0- 9 years were fifty-seven (68.7%) had the most common of these disorders while the age bracket 30-39 years had no communication disorder. Delayed speech seen in 31 (37.3%) of patients was commonest disorder seen. The least disorder seen was hoarseness. Most 42 (76.3%/77.4%) of the patients with delayed speech were males. The mean of presentation for patients with delayed speech was 40.3 months. The commonest communication disorder seen in the elderly was slurred speech.

Conclusion: The study revealed hat delayed speech was the most common communication disorder represented by 37.3% of the subjects. The commonest age group with communication disorder was between 0-9 years represented by 68.7%. Prompt detection and follow-up of all children in early life key. Furthermore, involvement of caregivers, audiologist and speech therapist cannot be over emphasized in the management of patients with communication disorders.

 

Accepted:  23/11/2021

Published: 30/11/2021

 

*Corresponding Author

Dr Ikenga VO MBBS, FWACS

E-mail: drohakiv@ gmail. com

 

Keywords:

Pattern, communication, disorder, tertiary, hospital, Nigeria.

 

 

 


 

REFERENCES

 

1.     American Speech- Language- Hearing Association (1993). Definition of Communication Disorders and Variants [Relevant Paper]. Available at www.asha.org/policy.  Accessed February 18, 2021.

2.  Clarlie R and McMahon S. Disorders of Speech and Language in Paediatric Otolaryngology in Gleeson M et al eds Scott- Brown’s Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery; 7th edition Vol 1 Holder Arnold London 2008 : 990- 994.

3.  Saleh A J, Umaru R I. Organs of Speech in Communication: Function and Pedagogical Implications. Journal of Communication and Culture 2016; 7(1): 2141- 2758.

4.  McLeod S, Baker E. Children’s Speech: An evidence based Approach to Assessment and Intervention 2017 Boston, MA: Pearson Education. ISBN 9780132755962.

5.  Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Language and Speech Disorder in Children. Available at www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/ child development/language-disorders.html. Accessed may 9th 2021.

6.     American Speech- Language- Hearing Association. Preferred practice patterns for the profession of speech- language pathology. 2006.

7.     Konadath S, Chatni S, Lakshmi M S, Saini J K . Prevalence of Communication Disorders in group of Islands in India. Journal of clinical epidemiology and global health. 2017; 5:79-86.

8.  Stevens G, Flaxman S, Brunskill F, Mascarenhas M et al. Global and Regional Hearing  Impairment  Prevalence: An analysis of 42 Studies in 29 Countries. Ear J. Public Health 2013; 23 (1): 146- 152.

9.  Aremu SK, Afolabi O A, Alabi B S, Elemukan I O.  Epidemiological Profile of Speech and Language Disorder in North Central Nigeria. Int J Biomed Sci. 2011; 7(4): 268-272.

10.  Adegbiji W A, Olajide G T, Olubi O O, Ahmed A, Adeniyi A M.  Communication Disorders among Children in Developing Country, Nigeria. J Biomed Sci 2019; 12(4): 98-103.

11.  Psarommatis I M, Goritsa E, Douniadakis D, Tsakaniko M, Kontrogianni A D, Apostolopoulos N. Hearing loss in Speech Delayed Children. Int. J of PediatrOtorhinolaryngol 2001; 58: 205- 210.

12.  Somefun O A, Lesi F E A , Danfulani M A, Olusanya B A. Communication Disorder in Nigerian Children. Int J Pediatrotorhinolaryngol 2006; 70(4): 697-702.

 


 

Cite this Article: Ikenga, VO; Oparaodu, UA (2021). Pattern of Communication Disorders in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria. Greener Journal of Medical Sciences, 11(2): 240-242.

 


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