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Greener Journal of Educational Research

Vol. 9(1), pp. 27-35, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7789

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

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Leadership Behaviours and its Relation with Female Principals’ Management Experience: The Case of Vihiga County and Kisumu Municipality, Kenya



 Ms. Josephine Busolo1, Dr. George Onyango2; Dr. Nelson Karugu2 ; Prof. John Aluko Orodho3



Ms. Josephine Busolo1 is a doctorate student in the Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, School of Education, Kenyatta University, Kenya

Dr. George Onyango2 and Dr. Nelson Karugu2 are senior lecturers in the Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, School of Education







Article No.: 032719055

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJER.2019.1.032719055


The study sought to determine the leadership behaviours in initiating structure and consideration leadership dimensions reported by principals and observed by teachers and its relationship with management experience of female principals. A descriptive cross-sectional survey research using the correlational design sub-type was adopted for the study in Vihiga County and Kisumu Municipality in Kenya. A sample size of 124 teachers was used to generate requisite information. The study utilized the Leadership Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ) and focus group discussion guideline as the main research instruments. The data were analyzed with the assistance of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to generated both descriptive and inferential statistics. A t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were utilized to determine the nature of relationship between leadership behaviours and female principal’s management experience. The results revealed that the scores of teachers gave to leadership behaviours. It was concluded that the greater variability in the teacher observer ratings of their principal’s leadership behaviours in terms of initiating structure and consideration dimensions, the more realistic the perception of their principals. The test of hypothesis at α =.05 level of confidence led to rejection of the hypothesis that there was no statistically significant difference between leadership behavior and principal’s management experience leading to the adoption of the alternative hypothesis. It was thus concluded that there was a statistically significant correlation between the selected demographic variable of management experience and principals’ leadership behaviours with regard to initiating structure and consideration. As a result, it was recommended that the Ministry of Education through the Kenya Education Management Institute (KEMI) should intensify offering leadership courses to newly recruited female Headteachers on current trends of institutional management. The Teachers Service Commission should carefully review the demographic characteristics of teachers before appointing them to management positions.


Submitted: 27/03/2019

Accepted:  25/04/2019

Published: 02/05/2019


*Corresponding Author

Prof. John Orodho

E-mail: orodhojohn@



Headteachers; demographic variables; Leadership behaviour; management



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Cite this Article: Busolo J, Onyango G; Karugu N; Orodho JA (2019). Leadership Behaviours and its Relation with Female Principals’ Management Experience: The Case of Vihiga County and Kisumu Municipality, Kenya. Greener Journal of Educational Research, 9(1): 27-35,

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