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Greener Journal of Educational Research

Vol. 9(1), pp. 01-15, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7789

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

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Mainstreaming Core-Values in the Curriculum of East African Community Countries for Holistic and Sustainable Development: Challenges and Prospects


Prof. John Aluko Orodho (PhD)


Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies, School of Education, Kenyatta University, Kenya






Article No.: 011419015

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJER.2019.1.011419015



This paper is premised on the concern that there is a value crisis in the education curriculum offered in Africa generally and the East African Community countries in particular. The paper had three main objectives, first to examine the status of education in the EAC region in terms of content and emerging challenges. Secondly, core-values in the draft harmonized curriculum for the EAC region were analysed   by isolating critical learning gaps. Finally, a revitalized framework for mainstreaming core-values using a whole school was applied as an effective approach for nurturing core-values as well as career preparedness and attitudes. The study employed desk survey, document analysis and case-study approaches. The findings were that, first, the current status of the curriculum developed in most of the EAC countries stressed more on cognitive development through academic excellence and less on the nurturing of moral and career preparedness skills.  Secondly, the   challenges that besiege education in these countries gravitate around internal and external inefficiencies. Finally, it was evident that the draft harmonized curriculum   for the EAC countries had not mainstreamed core-values and twenty first century learning skills   in the subject content areas thereby being blamed for the current internal and external inefficiencies in educational institutions regionally. Based on these findings, it was concluded that there was adequate justification for mainstreaming both academic excellence and core-values in the curriculum for the EAC countries using whole school approach. In addition, for the region to attain sustainable development, researchers in the region need to set up research networks, solicit for research grants and undertake concerted measures to foster cooperation in education and training through joint value-based   research projects geared towards solving the multifarious and intertwined problems that beleaguer the education sector in the region.


Submitted: 14/01/2019

Accepted:  10/02/2019

Published: 02/05/2019


*Corresponding Author

John Aluko Orodho

E-mail: orodhojohn@



Mainstreaming; Core-Values; Twenty First Century Skills; EAC Countries; Sustainable




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Cite this Article: Orodho, JA (2019). Mainstreaming Core-Values in the Curriculum of East African Community Countries for Holistic and Sustainable Development: Challenges and Prospects. Greener Journal of Educational Research, 9(1): 01-15,

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