Greener Journal of Educational Research

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Greener Journal of Educational Research

Vol. 9(2), pp. 116-125, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7789

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

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Retaining Teenage Girls in Kenya: The Effect of Provision of Sanitary Pads in Ainamoi Sub-County Primary Schools, Kericho County


Viviline Ngeno


University of Kabianga, Kenya






Article No.: 101319184

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJER.2019.2.101319184



Teenage years of every child are challenging emotionally, physically and psychological especially for the girl child. Studies have indicated that one out of ten girls miss school in Africa during their menstruation periods and eventually drop out as a result. This is due to lack of sanitary towels which the Kenyan Government started providing since 2011. This study sought to determine the effects of provision of sanitary pads on retention of teenage girls before and after the provision of sanitary pads in primary schools. This study adopted liberal feminist theory. A conceptual framework was also formulated. The independent variable was provision of sanitary pads while the dependent variable was retention of teenage girls in primary schools in Ainamoi Sub County, Kericho County. Comparative and ex-post facto research design was adopted.  Study population was 99 head teachers and 686 teenage girls. The sample size was 20 head teachers and 140 teenage girls. Data was collected in the form of focus group discussion, questionnaires’ and document analysis to get data on girls’ attendance. Quantitative data was analyzed in the form of descriptive and inferential statistics. While qualitative data was analyzed using themes and sub themes. The study established that there was a strong negative relationship between the provision of sanitary pads and retention of girls in school with a coefficient of -0.724 accounted for 52.42% of the variation. The study concluded that provision of sanitary pads has reduced absenteeism among the girls in primary schools in Ainamoi sub-County, Kericho Count, hence improving teenage girls’ retention in schools. The study recommended that sanitary pads be provided to all teenage girls both in primary schools and secondary to improve on girl child retention in school. The findings of this study are significant to stakeholders in education guiding them on ways of improving teenage girls’ retention in the school.


Submitted: 13/10/2019

Accepted:  22/10/2019

Published: 31/10/2019


*Corresponding Author

Viviline Ngeno

E-mail: vivilinengeno@



Provision of sanitary pads; Teenage Girls Retention; primary schools




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Cite this Article: Ngeno, V (2019). Retaining Teenage Girls in Kenya: The Effect of Provision of Sanitary Pads in Ainamoi Sub-County Primary Schools, Kericho County, 9(2): 116-125,


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