Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Arbaoui et al

Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (3), pp. 091-100, April 2014.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number:1216131031



Bioaccumulation and Photosynthetic Activity Response of Kenaf (Hibicus cannabinus L.) to Cadmium and Zinc


Sarra Arbaoui1*, Bruno Campanella2, Salah Rezgui1,

Roger Paul2, Taoufik Bettaieb1


 1Horticultural Science laboratory, National Agronomic Institute of Tunisia, 43 avenue Charles Nicolle, 1082 Tunis Mahragene, Tunisia.

2Environmental Toxicology Laboratory, Gembloux Ago Bio Tech, 2, Passage de Déportés,

5030 Gembloux, Belgium.


*Corresponding Author’s Email: saraharb @ hotmail. fr


The response of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) to Zn/Cd contamination in soil was investigated using pot experiment. Plants were grown on soils containing increasing doses of two metals. Zn and Cd were applied alone or combined. Growth parameters as well as content of photosynthetic pigments, and photosynthetic performance were determined. Soil and plant tissue were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry. Metal concentration in plants increased when metal dose in soil increased. The Zn and Cd concentrations were analyzed in order of root >leaf>stem. The Zn-Cd interaction reduced the Cd concentration in plants and alleviates the toxicity of Cd on photosynthetic system, and showed that Cd and Zn acted synergistically to Cd accumulation in plants. The reduction of photosynthetic activity observed did not correlate with the changes in the biomass production. Hibiscus cannabinus L. could be an accumulator candidate of Cd and Zn contaminated sites. 
Keywords: Zn-Cd interaction, translocation, phytoremediation, kenaf.


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