Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Bhimsen et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (10), pp. 320-325, November 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 110716200



Impact of PRISM Approach on Area, Production and Income of Vegetable Growers in Kaski and Kapilvastu District of Western Nepal


Bhimsen Gurung1, Punya Prasad Regmi2, Resham Bahadur Thapa2, Durga Mani Gautam2, Ganesh Man Gurung3 and

Krishna Bahadur Karki4


Ph.D. Candidate in Agricultural Economic, IAAS, TU.

2Professors, IAAS, TU.

3Professor, Central Department of Sociology, TU.

4Retired Chief Soil Scientist, NARC, Khumaltar.


This study examines the impact of Prosperity Realization through Irrigation and Smallholder Market (PRISM) approach on increase of area under vegetable cultivation, production increase of vegetables and income increase of farmer in Kaski and Kapilvastu districts of Nepal. The project mainly intervened in networking of agricultural supplies to facilitate the small farmers to enhance production and productivity and marketing. After the project intervention, number of input suppliers increased with their services availability in time showing a positive impact in the area of input supply after the project. The technical capacity of the farmers was improved, farmers were organized in groups and the forward and backward linkages with input suppliers and output traders strengthen. The study indicated that the vegetable growers were able to sell their farm produce. In Kaski, the farmers almost doubled their income, i.e. from NRs. 33467 before the project to NRs. 60846 after the project. The farmers in Kapilvastu received >10 times increase in their farm income (NRs. 41259) after the project. After the project, non-farm income also significantly increased. The mean area of vegetable cultivation highly significantly increased after the project in Kaski and Kapilvastu as compared to before the project intervention. The study showed that the vegetable farming area and labor use highly significantly increased after the project in both, Kaski and Kapilvastu districts as compared to before the project intervention. Similarly, male female farm working and hired labor including their wages were found significant increased after the project. There was highly significant increase in production, consumption, and sale, gross and net income of vegetables farming in surveyed area over the period of ten years. The study revealed that the PRISM project has brought highly significant impact on the income of the farmers while comparing before and after the project intervention. The multiple regressed F-value pooled of both districts was highly significant explaining nearly 2/3rd of the vegetable production contributed by the seasonal vegetable growing farm plus hired labors (R2 = 64.55) working on the farm. This study concludes that the Government of Nepal needs to develop a policy to implement PRISM approach as a Program Planning tools for sustainable development.


Keyword: PRISM, commercial vegetable farming, Input supply, vegetable production and vegetable produce marketing

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