Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness

  
  

Choose Language

Advertisements


Eli et al

By Eli, S; Elenwo, SN; Aaron, FE; Nonye-Enyidah, E; Oparaodu, UA; Pepple, DKO; Iyama, AC; Nnoka, VN; Tee, GP; Emeghara, GI (2022).

Greener Journal of Medical Sciences

Vol. 12(1), pp. 123-127, 2022

ISSN: 2276-7797

Copyright ©2022, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

https://gjournals.org/GJMS

 

 

 

 

 

Prevalence of Pre-operative Anaemia and Associated Blood Transfusion in Surgical Patients at the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital.

 

 

Eli  S1, Elenwo SN2, Aaron FE2, Nonye-Enyidah E3,  Oparaodu UA2, Pepple DKO3, Iyama AC2, Nnoka VN4, Tee GP5, Emeghara GI5

 

 

Mother, Baby and Adolescent Care Global  Foundation1

Department of Surgery, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital2

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rivers State University Teaching Hospital.3

Department of Pharmacology, Rivers State University. 4

Department of Human Physiology, Rivers State University.5

 

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.:031522036

Type: Research

Full Text: PDF, HTML, EPUB, PHP

 

Background:  In sub- Saharan Africa a good number of pre-operative patients have deficit in packed cell volume or haemoglobin concentration as a result of multiple factors such as infections, poor nutrition and co- morbidities. For these reasons as work-up plan to optimize these patients prior to surgery there may be need for blood transfusion considering the benefit against the risk.

Aim: To determine the prevalence of pre-operative aneamia and associated blood transfusion in surgical patients at the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital (RSUTH).

Method: This was a six month cross sectional retrospective study of pre-operative patients at the Surgery and Obstetrics/Gynaecology department of the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital. The cut- off for aneamia was 33% in line with the World Health Organisation (WHO). Structured profoma was used to extract information from patients’ case notes and analysed using SPSS version 25.

Result: The subjects for the study were 370, comprising of 146 (39.5%) males and 224 (60.5%) females. The mean age was 31 years. One hundred and ninety four (52%) were obstetrics and gynaecological surgeries while 176 (47.6%) were non-gynaecological surgeries. The commonest indication for surgery was ceasaren section representing 126 (34.1%) of the subjects. Two hundred and seventy two of the subjects (73.5%) had anaemia. One hundred and eighty four (67.9%) women had anaemia while 88 (32.1%) of the men were anaemic. Forty (10.8%) of the subjects required blood transfusion.

Conclusion: The study revealed that prevalence of aneamia and blood transfusion amongst pre-operative patients at RSUTH were 73.6% and 10.8% respectively. Anaemia was highest amongst. Obstetrics and gynaecological patients compared to other surgical patients. Surgical patients should be optimized prior to surgery, one of such modalities to be employed is blood transfusion when the need arises.

 

Accepted:  15/03/2022

Published: 25/03/2022

 

*Corresponding Author

Aaron FE MBBS, FWACS (ORTHO), FAOI, FICS, MBA, MNIM

E-mail: aaronef@ yahoo.com

 

Keywords:

prevalence, pre-operative, surgical patients, blood transfusion.

 

 

 

Return to Content       

Full Text: PDF, HTML, EPUB, PHP

   


 

 

REFERENCES

 

1.      Duarte GC. Association of pre operative anaemia and increased risk of blood transfusion and length of hospital stay in adults undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty: An observational study in a single tertiary center Https://doi.org/10.1002/hrs2.4.48 (accessed 16/3/2022).

 

2.      Aaron FE, Kalio DGB, Eli S, Wichendu PN. Prevalence of Pre-Operative Anaemia In Surgical Patients At The Rivers State University Teaching Hospital. International Journal of Innovative Medicine and Health Science 2021; 13:21-26.

 

3.      Gomen – Ramirez S, Jerico C, Munoz M. Perioperative anaemia: Prevalence, consequences and pathophysiology. Transfussion Apher 2019: 58 (4): 369 – 374.

 

4.      RosencherNikerk Kamp HE, Macheras G et al Orthopaedic Surgery transfusion hemoglobin European over view (OSTHEO) study: blood management in elective knee and hip arthrophasty in Europe. Transfusion 2003; 43(4): 459 – 469.

 

5.      WHO. Haemoglobin Concentration for the diagnosis of anaemia and assessment of severity, vitamin and mineral nutrition information system. Geneva, World Health Organisation, 2011. Http://www.who.unit/vmms/indicators/haemoglobin.pdf

 

6.      Benites BD, Addas - carvalhom. Implementing a patient blood management  program in Brazil: Challenges and Implications for developing Countries . Vox sang. 2019;14; 218-225.

 

7.      Munoz M, Ramirez SG. Preoperative anaemia: prevalence, consequences and approaches to management. Blood Transfus. 2015; 13 (3): 370-379.

 

8.      Rubinger DA, Cahill C, Ngo A, Gloff M, Reffau MA. Pre-operative Anaemia Management: What’s New in 2021. Current Anesthesiology Reports 2020; 10: 166 – 175.

 

9.      Miceli A, Rmeo F, Glauber M, de Siena PM, Caputo M, Angelinii GD. Pre-operative anaemia increases mortality and post-operative morbidity after cardiac surgery. J Cardiothoracic Surg 2014; 9: 137.

 

10.   Rubinger DA, Cahill C, Ngo A, Gloff M, Reffau MA. Pre-operative Anaemia Management: What’s New in 2021. Current Anesthesiology Reports 2020; 10: 166 – 175.

 


 

 

Cite this Article: Eli, S; Elenwo, SN; Aaron, FE; Nonye-Enyidah, E; Oparaodu, UA; Pepple, DKO; Iyama, AC; Nnoka, VN; Tee, GP; Emeghara, GI (2022). Prevalence of Pre-operative Anaemia and Associated Blood Transfusion in Surgical Patients at the Rivers State University Teaching Hospital. Greener Journal of Medical Sciences, 12(1): 123-127.

 


Call for Papers

Call for Scholarly Articles


Authors from around the world are invited to send scholarly articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles monthly in two yearly issues.


The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.


Simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to manuscripts@acad.gjournals.org or manuscripts.igj@gmail.com.



Advertisements


Search

Login Form

Other Journals


Newsletter