Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 12(1), pp. 62-68, 2022

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2022, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)






Performance and haematoserological influence of black and alligator peppers and their composite mix in broiler chickens



Adu, Olufemi Adesanya



Department of Animal Production and Health, School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, P.M.B. 704, Ondo state, Nigeria.







Article No.: 012522007

Type: Research



Background: The experiment was carried out to assess the influence of varying inclusions of black pepper, alligator pepper and their composite mix on the performance, haematology and serum biochemical components of broiler chickens.

Methods: Two hundred and ten (210) day – old mixed sex Cobb 500 broiler chicks were allocated to diets containing 0.25 and 0.50 g/kg each of black pepper, alligator pepper and their composite mix tagged treatments: B and C, D and E, F and G representing 0.25 and 0.50 g/kg black pepper, alligator pepper and the composite mix respectively. Treatment A was the control/basal diet. Each treatment was further divided 3 times with 10 birds per representative group. The birds received the experimental diets and water ad – libitum for 6 weeks (42 days). The initial and final weight gain as well as the feed intake were captured and recorded to determine the feed efficiency. At 42nd day, 5 birds per experimental sub-group were selected randomly and blood collected from the jugular veins for determination of haematological and serum biochemical indices.

Results: The total weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio of the broilers fed black and alligator peppers and their composite were significantly (P < 0.05) better than the bird on the control diet. However, the phyto-additive did not have a significant (P > 0.05) influence on the haematological parameters of the birds when compared with the control. There was a significant (P < 0.05) reduction in the serum cholesterol and blood alkaline phosphatase concentrations while the serum total protein was significantly (P < 0.05) increased.

Conclusion: Overall, the phytogens individually improve the performance and haematoserological components of the birds but the composite mix had better effect on the performance and serological indices of the broilers.



Accepted:  26/01/2022

Published: 22/02/2022


*Corresponding Author

Adu Olufemi Adesanya




Broilers, blood, alligator pepper, black pepper, weight.




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Cite this Article: Adu, OA (2022). Performance and haematoserological influence of black and alligator peppers and their composite mix in broiler chickens. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 12(1): 62-68.



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