Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Bedane and Arkebe

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(2), pp. 163-170, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.040619064

http://gjournals.org/GJAS

 

 

 

Cotton production potential areas, production trends, research status, gaps and future directions of cotton improvement in Ethiopia

 

 

Bedane Gudeta; Arkebe G. Egziabher

 

 

EIAR, Werer Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 040619064

Type: Review

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.040619064

 

 

Cotton is one of the main cash crops in Ethiopia and is widely grown in the lowlands on large-scale and small-scale farms under both irrigation schemes and rain-fed agriculture. There are about more than 3 million hectares of potential land suitable for cotton production in the country. However, out of the country‘s total potential areas for cotton production, only about less than three percent is being utilized yet. So, the current domestic cotton production is much lower than the potential. But, cotton consumption in Ethiopia is outstripped domestic cotton production due to the demands of the rapidly expanding textile industry in the country. Thus, Ethiopia has been importing raw cotton from abroad. Cotton production and productivity is highly constrained by a lot of biotic, abiotic, social and economic factors.  For the last five decades the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research/EIAR/ and Werer Agricultural Research Center/WARC/ has made the utmost effort and several improved cotton technologies were released; such as improved varieties along with proper crop management and crop protection practices. Since, transgenic cotton has been proved in controlling the major insect pests in global cotton production, Ethiopia recently started Bt cotton adaptation trial after getting approval for CFTs by the regulatory authority in the country to overcome the constraints of bollworms in the cotton production and two genetically modified cotton hybrids were recommended for commercial production. Despite the huge research efforts made, the production and productivity of the crop was not attained its maximum potential as a result of low utilization of the research recommended technologies by cotton producer farmers and low utilization of resource potential lands. There are several factors contributed for the low acceptance, underutilization and/or adaptation of the improved cotton technologies. Therefore, there is a huge gap ahead to fill in technology development, research capacity building and creating effective research, extension and stakeholders linkage. In this paper, potential areas, production trends, gaps, research status and future directions for cotton improvements were assessed in order to plan well-organized research strategies for the future.  

 

 

 

 

Submitted: 06/04/2019

Accepted: 11/04/2019

Published: 25/04/2019

 

*Corresponding Author

Bedane Gudeta

E-mail: bedaneg@ gmail. com

 

Keywords: Bt cotton; CFTs; improved varieties; potential; transgenic cotton

 

 

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REFERENCES

 

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Alebel Bayrau, Firew Bekele, Berihu Assefa and Mezgebe Mihiretu. 2014. An Institutional Assessment of the Cotton and Sugarcane Commodities in Ethiopia : The Climate Change Perspective. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia October 2014.

 

Baffes, J. (2004). Cotton market setting, trade policies, and issue. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3218; Washington DC.

 

Bosena Tegene, Bekabil F., Berhanu G. and Dirk H. 2011. Factors Affecting Cotton Supply at the Farm Level in Metema District of Ethiopia. Journal of Agriculture, Biotechnology & Ecology 4 (1): 40–51.

 

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Ermias Shonga, Geremew Terefe, and Zeray Mehari, 2009. Review of Research on Insect Pests of Fiber Crops in Ethiopia. In: Abraham Tadesse (ed.). 2009. Increasing Crop Production through Improved Plant Protection - Volume II. Plant Protection Society of Ethiopia (PPSE). PPSE and EIAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 542 pp.

 

EIA (Ethiopian Investment Agency). 2012. Cotton Production and Ginning in Ethiopia.

 

Goreux, L. 2003. Reforming the cotton sector in sub-saharan Africa. Second Edition. Africa Region Working Paper Series No. 62.

 

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Tsedeke Abate. 1982. Cotton pest problem and their control in Ethiopia. Pp. 111-128. In: Mesfin Abebe (ed.). Proceeding of the symposium on cotton production under irrigation in Ethiopia. Melka Werer, Ethiopia.

 

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Cite this Article: Bedane G; Arkebe GE (2019). Cotton production potential areas, production trends, research status, gaps and future directions of cotton improvement in Ethiopia. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(2): 163-170, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.040619064.


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