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Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(2), pp. 189-198, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

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Determinants of Maize Framers’ Productivity among Smallholder Farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria


Ibitola O.R.; Fasakin I.J.; Popoola O.O.; Olajide O.O.


Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan





Article No.:040219062

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.040219062



Smallholders farmer’s productivity has be declining due to many problems ranging from declining soil fertility to lack of basic inputs for their production. Hence, this study examined the determinants of Maize farmers’ productivity among smallholder Farmers in Oyo state Nigeria. A three stage sampling procedure was used to collect data from rural maize farmers in Lagelu Local Government area of Oyo state. Descriptive statistics, productivity analysis and Ordinary Least Square Regression Model were used to isolate the factors that affect maize farmers’ productivity in the study area. The socio-economic characteristics of the respondents showed that majority of them are male (68.3%), the age distribution showed that 56.1% are between ages 41-60 years, a very good productive age for maize production. Majority of the respondents are married (86.6%), while only 4.9% are youths, an obvious albatross to maize production in Nigeria, with less youth population in farming. The distribution of the Total factor productivity (TFP) indicated that, 72(50.7%) of the respondents having TFP <1, 58(40.8%) having TFP 1.01-2.00, 09(6.3%) and 03(2.1%) having TFP>2 and TFP=1 respectively. The result of double log production function  showed that the coefficients of labour, farm size (hectares) are statistically significant at 1% p>1, while that of farming experience is significant at 5% (p>5), with positives coefficients. The adjusted R-squared of 0.8572 explained the coefficient of variation of the maize farmers productivity model. It’s recommended that farmers in the study area should be provided with tractors and other farm implements that can help increase their productivity, also increasing the farm size and land hectarage used for maize production should be prioritize. There is also the need to train the farmers adequately on new and improved farm practices; this will be like a boost to their experience in maize production.


Submitted: 02/04/2019

Accepted:  05/04/2019

Published: 16/05/2019


*Corresponding Author

Ibitola O.R.

E-mail: bossytola@ gmail. com



Smallholders farmers; Productivity level; Maize production; Yield.



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Cite this Article: Ibitola OR; Fasakin IJ; Popoola OO; Olajide OO (2019). Determinants of Maize Framers’ Productivity among Smallholder Farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(2): 189-198,

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