Ukpabi et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Vol. 10(3), pp. 157-162, 2020
Copyright ©2020, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)
Growth Responses of Finisher Broiler Chickens Fed with an Unconventional Feedstuff Toasted Adenanthera pavonina Seed Meal as a Partial Replacement of Soybean Seed Meal
U.H. Ukpabi; *C. L Elvis-Chikwem; E.I. Chikwem
Department of Animal Science and Fisheries,
Abia State University, Umuahia Campus, Nigeria.
Article No.: 0831202111
The effect of graded levels of toasted Adenanthera pavonina seed meal (TAPSM) on the performance, carcass and organ characteristics of finisher broiler chickens was investigated in a five-week feeding trial with 84 (5-week old) broilers divided into four groups of 21 birds per group with three replicates of 7 birds. Four experimental diets were formulated to contain 0, 10, 20, and 30% toasted Adenanthera pavonina seed meal (TAPSM), represented as T1, T2, T3, and T4, respectively. Birds were allocated to the diets in a completely randomized design and housed in a deep litter pen with feed and water offered ad libitum. Average daily weight gain (70.00, 72.53, 61.78 and 55.33 g), daily feed intake (170.79, 174.00, 136.00 and 100.00 g) and feed conversion ratio (2.39, 2.39, 2.20 and 1.81) decreased significantly (P<0.05) as the level of TAPSM increased in the diets. Dressing percent (92.37, 90.47, 89.60 and 80.56 %), breast (26.67, 22.81, 19.46 and 15.59 %), wings (10.27, 10.11, 8.15 and 7.67 %), drumstick (13.02, 12.33, 11.25 and 9.10 %), back (14.81, 13.37, 13.14 and 11.29 %) and neck (2.49, 2.11, 2.03 and 1.89 %) decreased significantly (P<0.05) among treatment groups. Liver (2.08, 2.42, 2.88 and 2.94 %), heart (1.09, 1.00, 1.12 and 1.58 %), kidney (1.64, 1.67, 1.86 and 1.88 %), spleen (0.31, 0.31, 0.98 and 1.20 %) and gizzard (2.24, 2.21, 2.62 and 2.63 %) weights increased as the level of TAPSM in the diets increased, indicating that incorporating this novel feedstuff in finisher broiler diets at levels above 10% could reduce growth performance and decrease productivity, it is also noted that this feedstuff could contain some anti-nutritional elements that require more processing techniques to get to a minimal level other than toasting as evidenced in the increasing weight of the visceral organs such as the liver as the level of TAPSM increased in the diet. Therefore, this unconventional feedstuff should be used with caution in broiler finisher diets and should not exceed a 10% level of inclusion, otherwise would impair growth performance and carcass yield.
C. L Elvis-Chikwem
E-mail: mbachulorrita@ gmail.com
Adenanthera pavonina; finisher broilers; performance; carcass; organ characteristics
Abiola, S.S. (1999). Comparative utilization of toasted and cooked soybean in broiler ration. In Proceedings of 26th Annual Conference of Nigerian Society for Animal Production, 21-25th March, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. pp 84-86
Adiele, J.G., Audo, H.O., Madu, T., & Nwaogwugwu, R.O. (2005). Weather in 2005 at Umudike and its possible impact on root crops production. In: National Root Crops Research Institute Annual Report for 2005. pp 252 – 255.
Akinmutimi, A.H., & Okwu, N.D. (2006). Effect of quantitative substitution of cooked Mucuna utilis seed meal for soybean in broiler finisher diets. International Journal of Poultry Science 5(5) 477-481.
Alalade, O.A., & Iyayi, E.A. (2006). Chemical composition and the feeding value of Azolla (Azolla pinnata) meal for egg-type chicks. International Journal of Poultry Science 5(2):137-141.
Amaefula, K.U., & Obioha, F.C. (2001). Performance of broilers fed raw, boiled or dehulled
Pigeon pea seeds (Cajanus cajan). Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 28: 31- 39.
Amaefula, K.U., Odukwe, C.N., & Ndubisi, E.C. (2003). Pigeon pea seed meal as protein source for broilers. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and Environment, 5(1):1-10.
A.O.A.C. (2006). Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 18th Edition. Washington D.C., USA.
Bamgbose, A.M., & Niba, A.T. (1998). Performance of broiler chickens fed cotton seed meal in starter and finisher broiler rations. In: Ologhobo, A. D and Iyayi, E. A, (Eds). Proceedings of the 3rdAnnual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria on the Nigerian Livestock in the 21st Century, Sept. 22-24, Lagos. pp 84-87.
Basak, B., Pramanik, A. H., Rahmnam, M.S., Taradar S.U., & Roy, B.C. (2002). Azolla (Azolla pinnata) as feed ingredient in broiler ration. International Journal of Poultry Science, 1:24-29.
Bot, M.H., Bawa, G.S., & Abeke, F.O. (2013). Replacement value of maize with African locust beans (Parkia biglobosa) pulp meal on performance, hematological and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 15: 59-70.
Dafwang, I.I. (2006). Milk, eggs, and meat from farm waste; Exploration in Animal Nutrition Research and Extension. An Inaugural Lecture. NAERLS Department, A.B.U, Zaria, Nigeria.
Dafwang, I.I., & Shwarmen, E.B.N. (1996). Utilization of rice offal in practical rations for broiler chicks. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 23(1 and 2): 21-23.
Esonu, B.O., Emenalom, O.O., Udedibie, A.B.I., Herbert, U., Ekpor, C.F., Okolie, I.C., & Iheukwumere F.C. (2001). Performance and blood chemistry of weaner pigs fed raw Mucuna (Velvet bean). Tropical Animal Production Investigation 4:49-54.
Ezeagu, I.E., Gopa Krishna, A.G., Khatoon, S., & Gowda, L.R. (2004). Physico-chemical characterization of seed oil and nutrient assessment of Adenanthera pavonina (L): an under-utilized tropical legume. Ecology of food and nutrition 43(4) pp.295-305.
Folorunso, L.A., Falaye, A.E. & Duru, S. (2016). Misrepresentation: case study of Metabolizable energy determination in feed and ingredient samples. Nigeria Journal of Animal Production, 43 (1): 111 – 114.
Iheukwumere, F.C., Okoli, I.C., & Okeudo, N.J. (2002). Preliminary studies on raw Napoleona imperialis as feed ingredient, effect on performance, hematology, serum biochemistry, carcass, and organ weight of weaner rabbits. Tropical Animal Production Investigation, 5(2):219-227.
Iyayi, E.A., Ososanya, T.O., Taiwo, V.O., & Adeniji,O.A. (2006). Growth, haematology and organ histopthology in broilers fed raw and processed Velvet bean-based diets. Conference on International Agricultural Research for development. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237127081. Retrieved, January 12, 2018.
Jubb, K.V.F., Kennedy, P.C., & Palmer, N. (1995). Pathology of domestic animals. 3rd Edition. Academic Press Inc. New York.
Nworgu, F.C., Ogungbenro, S.A., & Solesi, K.S. (2007). Performance and some blood chemistry indices of broiler chicken served fluted pumpkin (Telfera occidentalis) leaves extract supplement. Agricultural Journal and Environments 2(1):90-98.
Obi, I.U. (1990). Statistical Methods of Detecting Differences between Treatment Means. 2nd Edition, Snap Press, Enugu, Nigeria. pp. 1 – 25.
Olomu J.M. (2010): Monogastric animal nutrition: principles and practice. 2nd Edition. Jachem Publication, Benin City, Nigeria. pp. 159-170.
Olowu, O.P., Asaniyan, E.K., & Agbeda, J.O. (2013). Performance, organ growth and economics of finisher broilers fed neem leaf meal as replacement for maize. Nigerian. Journal of Animal Production 40: 45-51.
Onimisi, P.A. (2005). Evaluation of ginger waste meal as energy source in the diets of broiler chickens. M.Sc. Thesis, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
Oyawoye, E.O., Ogunkunle, M., Bamgbose, A.M., & Fabiyi, K.E. (1999). Response of broiler to heat treated Jack beans (Canavaliaensiformis) NSAP. Proc. Ilorin pp.259-262.
Pauzenga, U. (1985). Feeding parent stock. Zootecnia International. pp. 22-25.
Radiostis, O.M., Blood, D.C., & Gay, C.C., (1997). Veterinary medicine 8th Edition Saunders publishers.
Soetan, K.O. and Oyewole, O.E., (2009). The need for adequate processing to reduce the anti-nutritional factors in plants used as human foods and animal feeds: A review. African Journal of food science, 3(9), pp.223-232.
Steel, R.G.D. & Torrie, J.H. (1980). Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometric approach.2nd Edition. Mcgraw- H Books Company Inc. New York. pp. 137 – 171
Uchegbu, M.C., Okoli I.C., Anyanwu, C.E, Etuk, E.B., Esonu, B.O., & Udedibie, A.B.I. (2004). Performance, carcass, and organ characteristics of finisher broilers fed graded levels of raw Napoleona imperialis seed meal. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Vol. 16 Art. #41. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd16/6/uche16041.htm Retrieved, January 12, 2018.
Ukpabi, U.H., Mbachu, C.L. and Nwazue, B., (2017). Performance, Carcass and Organ Characteristics of Finisher Broilers fed Varying Levels of raw Adenanthera pavonina (L) seed meal. Int’l Journal of Agic. and Rural Dev, 20(2), pp.3298-3303.
Ukpabi, U.H., Mbachu, C.L. and Chikwem, I.E., (2018). The effect of toasted adenanthera pavonina seed meal on haematology and blood chemistry of finisher broiler chickens. Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade), 63(3), pp.229-240.
Ukpabi, U.H., Mbachu, C.L. and Igboegwu, C.M., (2019). Growth performance, carcass and organ characteristics of grower pigs fed varying levels of tigernut (Cyperus Esculentus) seed meal. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 21(1), pp.214-221.
Urom, S.M.O.C., Ukpabi, U.H., Onunkwo, D.N., Abu, E.B., & Nweke, J.O. (2018). Effect of different processing methods of Napoleona imperialis (Napoleons Hat) on haematology and serum biochemistry of finisher broiler. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 45 (1): 125 – 130.
Cite this Article: Ukpabi, UH; Elvis-Chikwem, CL; Chikwem, EI (2020). Growth Responses of Finisher Broiler Chickens Fed with an Unconventional Feedstuff Toasted Adenanthera pavonina Seed Meal as a Partial Replacement of Soybean Seed Meal. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 10(3): 157-162.
Call for Articles/Books
Call for Scholarly Articles
Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.
The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.
Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Call for Books
You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas. Submit as an e-mail attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org.