Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

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Akinbani and Ayeni

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(1), pp. 095-101, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.1.022819040

http://gjournals.org/GJAS

 

 

 

Effect of Fertilizer Types on Nutrient Uptake and Yield of Cassava in Ondo Southwestern Nigeria Using Farmers’ Simulation Method

 

Akinbani, A.S.; Ayeni, L.S.

 

Department of Agricultural Science, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo, Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 022819040

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.1.022819040

 

 

Many subsistence farmers find it difficult to apply the right dose of fertilizer using conventional Kg/ha or t/ha style of recommendation that are normally interpreted to the farmers by the Agricultural Extension Agents. Two field experiments were conducted to determine the effect of fertilizer types on nutrient uptake and yield of cassava using farmer simulation method at Adeyemi College Agricultural Research Farm in Ondo, southwest Nigeria. There were two sites A and B. NPK 15:15:15, Urea, Single Super Phosphate (SSP), Muriate of Potash (MOP), Wood Ash (WA) and Poultry Manure (PM) were used as treatments. Mineral fertilizers were each applied at 300kg/ha using a beer cap as a measure of the treatment while WA and PM were applied at 10t/ha using an improvised tin can. There was a control experiment without fertilizer application. The treatments were arranged on Randomized Complete Block Design and replicated three times. Compared with control, NPK, MOP, SSP, Urea, PM and WA significantly increased (p < 0.05) plant N, P uptake, cassava root yield and plant growth parameters at both locations. Among the treatments, WA recorded the highest Ca, K, Na and Mg uptake.  All the treatments significantly increased whole tuber weight, peeled tuber weight and tuber length compared with control in location A and B. The percentage increase in whole tuber weight in location A was in the order of NPK (32%) > WA (24.45%) > PM (21.7%) > SSP (5.98%) > MOP (4.34) > Urea (2.7%) while the order of increase in tuber weight in location B was PM (74.4%)> WA (74%)>NPK (37%)>SSP (6%)>MOP (4%)>Urea (2%).

 

Submitted: 28/02/2019

Accepted:  12/03/2019

Published: 30/03/2019

 

*Corresponding Author

Dr. Ayeni L.S.

E-mail: leye_sam@ yahoo.com

 

Keywords:

Nutrients, tuberisation, agronomic parameters, TMS 419.

 

 

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Cite this Article: Akinbani, AS; Ayeni, LS (2019). Effect of Fertilizer Types on Nutrient Uptake and Yield of Cassava in Ondo Southwestern Nigeria Using Farmers’ Simulation Method. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(1): 95-101, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.1.022819040.


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