Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Excellence and Timeliness


Change Language


Demlew et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(4), pp. 396-404, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link:







Evaluation of Agronomic performance and Biomass Yield of Buffel grass and Silver leaf desmodium Grown in Pure Stands and in Mixture At Different Harvesting Times in Gozamen District, East Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia.



Menalu Demlew 1*, Berhanu Alemu2 and Asnakew Awuk2



1 Department of Animal Sciences, Raya University, P. O. Box 92, Machew, Ethioipia
2 Department of Animal Sciences, Debre Markos University, P. O. Box 269, Debre Markos, Ethiopia






Article No.: 090319167

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.4.090319167



The objectives of this study were evaluating the effect of grass-legume mixture and time of harvesting on the agronomic performance and biomass yield of Buffel grass and Silver leaf desmodium planted in pure stand and in mixture. The study was conducted in a 3 x3 factorial arrangement of treatments in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The first factor was forage species (Buffelgrass, Silver leaf desmodium and Buffelgrass/Silver leaf desmodium mixture) and three times of harvesting (HT1, HT2, and HT3). Plant height, number of branches per plant of the legume, leaf length and leaf area of the grass were significantly affected (p<0.05) by harvesting time. Number of tillers per plant, basal circumference and number of leaves per plant of the grass were significantly affected by harvesting time and forage species, and the interaction effect was significant (p>0.05) on the basal circumference of the grass. DM yield of Buffelgrass was significantly affected by harvesting times. The highest DM yield in Buffelgrass was recorded in the later harvesting time (HT3) compared to HT1 and HT2.  The highest DMY in Buffelgrass (3.0 t /ha) was recorded at Buffelgrass planted with desmodium compared to (2.79 t /ha) at the sole Buffel grass. In Silver leaf desmodium, the highest DMY (2.64 t/ha) was recorded at the third harvesting time (HT3) while the least (1.95 t/ha) was recorded at the first harvesting time. The total DMY recorded at grass/legume mixture was higher compared to the grass and forage legume grown in pure-stand. Harvesting time, forage species and their interaction showed significant (p<0.001) effect on CPY. Generally, agronomic performance and dry matter yields of grass and legume monocultures, as well as the mixture, were generally low at the early days of harvesting compared to later days of harvesting.


Submitted: 03/09/2019

Accepted:  23/09/2019




*Corresponding Author

Menalu Demlew

E-mail: minalutt248@ gmail. com



Buffelgrass; Forage yield; grass-legume mixture; Silver leaf desmodium




Return to Content       View [Full Article - PDF]  

[Full Article - HTML]               [Full Article - EPUB]

Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Peer-review]




Amole, T. A., Oduguwa, B. O., Onifade, S. O., Jolaosho, A. O., Amodu, J. T. and Arigbede M. O,  2015. Effect of Planting Patterns and Age at Harvest of Two Cultivars of Lablab purpureus in Andropogon gayanus on the Agronomic Characteristic and Quality of Grass/Legume Mixtures. Pertanika J. Trop. Agric. Sci. 38(3): 329-346.


Berhanu, A., M. Solomon, and N.K. Prasad, 2007. Effects of varying seed, proportions and harvesting stage on biological compatibility and forage yield of oats and vetch mixture. Livestock research for Rural Development Guidelines news 19, 1.Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Butt, N. M. G. B. Donart, M. G. Southward, R. D. Pieper and N. Mohammad, 1992. Effect of defoliation on plant growth of Cenchrus ciliaris (Cenchrus ciliaris L.), Annals of Arid Zone. 31: 19-24.


CSA (Central Statistics Authority), 2018. Agricultural sample survey 2018 [2010 E.C.] report on livestock and livestock characteristics (private peasant holdings) Volume II. Statistical Bulletin 587. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Diriba Diba and Diriba Geleti, 2013. Effects of seed proportion and planting pattern on dry matter yield, compatibility and nutritive value of Panicum coloratum and Stylosanthes guianensis mixtures under Bako Condition, Western Oromia, Ethiopia. Sci. Techn. Arts Res. J. 2(4): 56-61.


Habtamu  Mengistu, 2018. “Competitive Uses of Crop Residues are Challenging Soil Fertility Management in Ethiopia Current Research, 10, (02), 65139-65144.


Haileslassie Gebremeskel, 2014.  Effect of plant spacing and harvesting age on growth, biomass and oil yield of Rose-scented geranium. MSc Thesis Haramaya University, Ethiopia. 86P.


Hintsa, H.B., 2016.The Effect of Improved Fodder Production on Livestock Productivity in Endamehoni District, Southern Tigray Ethiopia.  MSc Thesis, Mekelle University, Ethiopia. 92p.


ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute). 2013. Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) for livestock feed on small scale farms. Fact sheet.


James, K., Mutegi, Daniel, N., Mugendi, Louis V., Verchot, James B., Kung, U. 2008. Combining Napier grass with leguminous shrubs in contour hedgerows controls soil erosion without competing with crops. Agroforestry Systems, 74: 37–49.


Malaghi, S.C. 2005. Response of cowpea genotypes to plant density and Fertilizer levels under rain fed vertisols. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Dharwad, Dharwaad, India.


Malede Birhan and TakeleAdugna, 2014. Livestock feed resources assessment, constraints and improvement strategies in Ethiopia. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 21(4): 616-622


Mehiret Jemberie, 2008. Growth dynamics yield and chemical composition of vegetative planted Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum schumach l.) at different defoliation frequencies and stubble height. MSc. Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia. 104p.


Mushtaque, M. M. Ishaque and M. A. A. H. A. Bakhush, 2009. Effect of clipping stages on growth and herbage yield of Blue panic grass. Pakistan J. Sci. 61(4): 229-233. 


Muhammad Arshad, 2010. Forage production in panicum grass-legume intercropping by combining geometrical configuration, inoculation fertilizer under rain feed conditions. PhD thesis at University of Kassel. 164p.


SAS (Statistical Analysis System), 2002. Guide Version 9.2. SAS,Institute Inc. Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.


Stephano, C., 2016.The Influence of Desmodium and Manure on the Agronomic Performance of Fodder Plants in Lushoto District, Tanzania. MSc thesis Sokoine University, Tanzania. 71P.


Sticker, F.C., S.Wearden and A.W. Pauli. 1961. Leaf Area Determination in Grain Sorghum. Agronomy Journal, 53: 187-188.


Taye, B., S. Melaku and NK. Prasad, 2007. Effects of cutting dates on nutritive value of Napier (Pennisetum purpureum) grass planted sole and in association with Desmodium (Desmodium intortum) or Lablab (Lablab purpureus). Livestock Research for Rural Development 19, article #11. (accessed 11 May 20160.


Terefe Tolcha, 2017. Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer and Harvesting Days on Yield and Quality of Rhodes Grass (Chloris gayana) Under Irrigation at Gewane, North-Eastern, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis Haromaya University, Ethiopia. 80P.


Tessema, Z. and R.M.T. Baars, 2006. Chemical Composition and dry matter production and yield dynamics of tropical grasses mixed with perennial forage legumes. Trop. Grasslands 40:150-156.


Tessema, Z. K and. Feleke B. S, 2018.Yield, yield dynamics and nutritional quality of grass-legume mixed pasture.The J. Anim. Plant Sci. 28(1):2018


Van Soest, P.J., 1994. Nutritional Ecology of  Ruminants, 2nd ed. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. 476p.


Cite this Article: Demlew, M; Alemu, B; Awuk, A (2019). Evaluation of Agronomic performance and Biomass Yield of Buffel grass and Silver leaf desmodium Grown in Pure Stands and in Mixture At Different Harvesting Times in Gozamen  District, East Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(4): 396-404,

Call for Articles/Books

Call for Scholarly Articles

Authors from around the world are invited to send scholary articles that suits the scope of this journal. The journal is currently open to submissions and will process and publish articles daily, immediately they are ready.

The journal is centered on quality and goes about its processes in a very timely fashion. Seasoned editors/reviewers will be consulted to review each article(s), profer quality evaluations and polish the articles with expertise before publication.

Use our quick submit button to submit or simply send your article(s) as an e-mail attachment to or

Call for Books

You are also invited to submit your books for online or print publication. We publish books related to all academic subject areas.    Submit as an e-mail attachment to



Other Journals