Okoh et al
Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Vol. 11(3), pp. 114-122, 2021
Copyright ©2021, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)
Effects of Leaf Harvesting Frequencies on Yield and Quality of African Eggplant (Solanum macrocapon) Seeds
Okoh, John Ochoche; Iyorkaa, Nater; Etta, Blessing Ojong
Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University, PMB 2373 Makurdi – Nigeria.
Article No.: 071521067
The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of leaf harvesting on yield and quality of African eggplant (Solanum macrocapon) seeds. The study was conducted during the 2019 cropping season both at the Teaching and Research Farm and Seed Science laboratory of Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi. A single factor experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) on the field, while the laboratory experiment was laid out in Completely Randomized Design (CRD) in three replications. Germination test was conducted using sand method in plastic containers. One hundred seeds were sown in each container to represent a replicate and covered with fine sand. The treatments are: No leaf harvest throughout the life cycle of the crop; Leaf harvest, once at 4 weeks after transplanting; Leaf harvest at 4 and 6 weeks after transplanting and Leaf harvest at 4, 6 and 8 weeks after transplanting. Data were collected on the following parameters; Fruit diameter, Number of fruit per plant, Number of seeds per fruit and 1000-seed weight. The data collected was subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA). Treatment means were separated using Fisher Least Significant Difference (FLSD). The result showed that leaf harvesting frequency significantly reduced number of fruits per plant, 1000-seed weight and germination rate. However, it does not affect fruit size, number of seeds per fruit and germination percentage. It is therefore concluded that African eggplant could be harvested as vegetable leaves up to 8 weeks after transplanting without reducing yield and quality of the seeds.
Okoh, John Ochoche
E-mail: johnokoh69@ gmail. com
Leaf Harvesting; crop yield; crop quality; African Eggplant; Solanum macrocapon; seeds.
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Cite this Article: Okoh, JO; Iyorkaa, N; Etta, BO (2021). Effects of Leaf Harvesting Frequencies on Yield and Quality of African Eggplant (Solanum macrocapon) Seeds. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 11(3): 114-122.
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